Noida Sector 12

Noida Sector 11


Preet Vihar, Delhi

Pandav Nagar, Delhi






Vascular Surgery, Procedure & Treatment in India

Vascular Surgery is a subspecialty in the field of medicine that focuses on the surgical treatment of the human vascular system. The vascular system comprises the network of arteries, veins, and lymphatic vessels responsible for circulating blood and lymph throughout the body. Vascular surgery evolved as a separate subspecialty from general and cardiac surgery.

The highly experienced & certified vascular surgeons at Metro Hospitals perform various vascular and endovascular surgeries, including complex stenting procedures, blood clot removal, and bypass surgery. In addition to performing complex surgeries, our team of vascular surgeons treats various vascular and endovascular diseases with medications and advises on diet, exercise, and lifestyle changes.

Who needs to see a Vascular Surgeon?

As mentioned earlier, vascular surgeons specialize in conditions related to the vascular system, encompassing blood vessels and the lymphatic circulatory system. Patients may oftentimes be referred to a see vascular specialist if there appears to be damage to their blood vessels or their symptoms indicate an underlying vascular cause. For instance, pain in the legs may be indicative of peripheral artery disease. Vascular surgeons will not always perform surgery for their patient’s conditions. Mostly they will try to treat the disease in the least invasive way possible before going into surgery.

Common Vascular Issues

Common vascular issues that may require consultation with a vascular surgeon include

  • Aneurysm
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Carotid artery disease
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Peripheral artery disease
  • Spider veins
  • Varicose veins

Vascular specialists also address conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, obesity, and excessive smoking, all of which can directly or indirectly impact the vascular system.

Common Vascular Surgeries

Our specialist vascular surgeons have years of experience in their field. Common vascular surgical and non-surgical procedures performed at our hospital include:

  • Angioplasty
  • Arteriovenous Fistula Creation for Dialysis Access
  • Atherectomy
  • Carotid Endarterectomy
  • Carotid Stenting
  • Chronic/Non-healing Wound Management
  • Conservative Management & Surveillance
  • Dialysis Access
  • Endarterectomy
  • Endovascular Stent Graft
  • Renal Transplant & Vascular Access
  • Stenting
  • Surgical Aneurysm Repair
  • Surgical Bypass
  • Thoracic Outlet Surgery
  • Thrombolytic Therapy

Prepare Before a Vascular Surgical Procedure

    • Medicines
      Our surgical team will carefully review your medical history and recommend essential medications. It’s crucial to inform us about all medications you are currently taking, including herbal supplements, nutritional supplements, topical creams, and ointments. Depending on your condition, the doctor may discontinue any anticoagulants and prescribe a different type of blood thinner. Prior to any vascular surgery, you will be instructed to discontinue NSAIDs or other medications that affect clotting at least one week beforehand.
    • Diet
      The doctors will inform you exactly when to stop eating and drinking fluids before your vascular or endovascular surgery. Usually, you will be instructed to stop eating from the night before the surgery.
    • Lifestyle Changes
      As per your condition, the doctor will advise you to make certain changes in your lifestyle to ensure the best surgical outcome. This may involve losing weight, eating a healthy diet, regularly exercising, quitting smoking, etc.
    • Recovery Plan
      Patients are advised to make arrangements for their recovery period. They must arrange for a family or friend to drive them for the surgery and even afterwards. It is highly advised to make arrangements about who will be staying with them if they need any help after surgery. Patients must ask the doctor what they should do and avoid post-surgery.
    • Prepare Yourself
      Before you go to your appointment for the surgery, ensure you have all the required documents, ID proof and paperwork for the surgery. Additionally, consider preparing in advance by organizing the items you’ll need during your hospital stay and packing them accordingly.
    • Benefits of Vascular Surgery
      As mentioned, Vascular surgery is used to treat different medical conditions. These are, therefore, beneficial in-

      • Eliminating Pain or Irritation resulting from Vein Conditions
      • Preventing the Recurrence of Venous Ulcers
      • Alleviating symptoms resulting from vascular conditions
      • Returning to Your Active Lifestyle
      • Promoting Better Sleep
      • Reducing the risk of developing other serious medical conditions


  • Eligibility
    The doctors will conduct specific diagnostic tests based on your risk factors and symptoms to assess the necessity for vascular surgery. The most common non-invasive diagnostic procedure for vascular surgery include:

    • Duplex Ultrasound
    • Arterial Physiologic testing, including Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI) and Pulse-Volume Recordings (PVR)

These are simple, painless tests that can help the doctor assess the location, type, and severity of your condition to determine your eligibility for vascular surgery. In addition to these, the doctor may perform further screenings if he deems it necessary.

Who is not eligible for Vascular surgery?

Based on their evaluation, doctors will determine if a particular patient is ineligible for any specific surgery. Certain factors that can make you ineligible for vascular surgery include:

  • Damage from Excessive Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Chronic lung disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Ongoing infections
  • Ongoing medical conditions like cancer, diabetes, cholesterol, etc.
  • Allergies to anaesthesia or other drugs

Vascular surgeries, whether open or endoscopic, are effective in treating various conditions. If you suspect you have symptoms that might be treated by a vascular specialist or if you have been referred to a vascular specialist, you may talk to them at Metro Hospitals. Our expert doctors will do their best to answer your queries and guide you every step of the way.