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FAQ

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Can we prevent Colon Cancer?

Yes, we can prevent Colon Cancer. A procedure known as Colonoscopy is done to detect the polyps (the small growths on the lining of the colon). After the detection of polyps, the gastroenterologists will remove it during the colonoscopy procedure. Deportation of polyps will stop the development of colorectal cancer in future.

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How is life after a GI procedure?

You will be leading a normal and healthy life after a GI procedure and will be eating normally, but your doctor might restrict your diet and keep you away from the physical activities for a while. But yes you will be monitored for some weeks till the time most of the sedatives have worn off. You might experience some cramping and bloating as during the examination process some amount of air got introduced into the colon.

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What is an upper endoscopy?

An upper endoscopy is an examination test, where your physician will examine the lining of the upper part of your gastrointestinal tract, which consists of esophagus, stomach and duodenum (first portion of the small intestine). For the examination process, the physician will use a thin and flexible tube known as endoscope, which has a lens and a source of light which will view the image on a video monitor. Upper endoscopy is also known as upper GI endoscopy, esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) or panendoscopy.

The test helps in the evaluation of the symptoms of constants upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting or difficulty in swallowing. It is also helpful in finding the cause of bleeding from the upper gastrointestinal tract. Doctors prefer endoscopy over X-ray as endoscopy is more accurate in the detection of inflammation, ulcers and tumors of the stomach, esophagus and duodenum.

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Why do I have Gas? And what should I do?

Gas is the result of all the food that we eat. As our digestive system does other functions, it makes gas also. Generally we get rid of the gas either by our mouth (burping) or through our anus (flatulence). When the undigested food moves from our small intestine to our large intestine, the bacteria in the large intestine starts their work. They start making hydrogen, carbon dioxide and methane, which leaves our body in the form of gas.

If you are experiencing too much of gas then you need to follow the mentioned below tips:

- Cut down on foods that causes gas: vegetables: broccoli, cabbage, Brussels sprouts, Fruits: pears, apples, and peaches, Whole Grains: whole wheat and bran, Soft Drinks and Fruit Drinks, Milk and Dairy Products: cheese and ice cream, Packaged Foods: that have lactose in them, such as bread, cereal, salad dressing, Dietetic Foods: sugar free candies and gums
- Drink plenty of water, non-"fizzy" liquids, and clear soup: eat slower and chew more, avoid eating hard candy, try to cut down on smoking.

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What is fatty liver?

Fatty liver is often termed as hepatic steatosis; under this condition the fat gets buildup in the liver. Liver fat is normal but yes too much of fat building up in liver can lead to some health problems. A liver is called fatty liver when the fat in the liver is accountable for more than 5 to 10 percent of total liver’s weight.

Our liver is the second largest organ in our body and it functions to process everything from the food that we eat to the liquid intake in our body and it also helps in the filtration process of harmful substances from the blood. This process gets interrupted if there is too much of fat deposition in the liver.

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What is Clonoscopy?

Colonoscopy is an examination process where your doctor will be examining the lining of your colon (large intestine) for the abnormalities. The process is done by inserting a flexible tube as thick as the size of the finger into the anus and slowly advancing it into the rectum and colon.

It is always advisable to ask your doctor prior to the examination if you have any other doubt so that when the examination takes place you are very much clear about the process and it’s after effects.

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What is capsule endoscopy?

Capsule Endoscopy (CE) is also an examination process in which your physician will examine the lining of the middle part of your gastrointestinal tract, which includes all the three portions of your small intestine (duodenum, jejunum, and ileum). Capsule endoscopy is also termed as small bowel endoscopy, capsule endoscopy or wireless endoscopy.

During the examination process your physician will use a pill size video capsule and along with thin flexible wire (endoscope), which consists its own lens and source of light and will help in viewing the image on video monitor.

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What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are the swollen and natural blood vessels present in and around the anus and the lower rectum. These blood vessels stretch under pressure, similar to the varicose in the legs. There are times when the walls of these blood vessels stretch so thin that the veins lump and gets irritated, especially during the time you poop. Hemorrhoids are either present inside the anus (internally) or under the skin around the anus (externally). When these hemorrhoids get swollen they turn into piles.

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What is Hepatitis?

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The condition can be self-limiting or can progress to fibrosis (scarring), cirrhosis or liver cancer. Hepatitis viruses are the most common cause of hepatitis in the world but other infections, toxic substances (e.g. alcohol, certain drugs), and autoimmune diseases can also cause hepatitis.

There are 4 main hepatitis viruses, referred to as types A, B, C, and E. These 4 types are of greatest concern because of the burden of illness and death they cause and the potential for outbreaks and epidemic spread. In particular, types B and C lead to chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people and, together, are the most common cause of liver cirrhosis and cancer.
Hepatitis A and E are typically caused by ingestion of contaminated food or water. Hepatitis B, and C usually occur as a result of parenteral contact with infected body fluids. Common modes of transmission for these viruses include receipt of contaminated blood or blood products, invasive medical procedures using contaminated equipment and for hepatitis B transmission from mother to baby at birth, from family member to child, and also by sexual contact.
Acute infection may occur with limited or no symptoms, or may include symptoms such as jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), dark urine, extreme fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain.


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Can you please explain me the risk factors that are associated with brain or spine surgery?

Every surgery is associated with one or another risk factor, but in the hands of an expert, dedicated and board certified neurosurgeons; the chances of the risk gets lowered down. It’s always advisable to discuss the risk factors specific to your condition and the type of surgery with your surgeon well in advance.

The risk factors associated with brain or spine surgery can be- paralysis, weakness, numbness, leakage of spinal fluid, problem in the healing process, infection, bleeding, complications caused by other co-existing illness like diabetes, hypertension, consistent pain, failure of hardware, any need for future surgery and the failure of the fuse.

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What is the recovery time period after the surgery?

The recovery time period totally depends on the kind of surgery the person had gone through, as everyone’s recovery is discrete. The biggest factor on which the speed of recovery depends is probably the patient’s positive attitude and motivation. The other factors that affect the recovery time period includes- age factor, overall fitness and other medical related conditions. Various procedures such as spinal fusions, which require extensive exposure of the spine needs at least 6 to 12 months to get recovered completely. Whereas, other surgical procedures which are done through a minimal invasive exposure, might requires 4 to 6 weeks of recovery time.

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How much pain do I have to bear after my surgery?

The extremity of the pain totally depends on the type of surgery. As pain is an individual experience so is the management of it. With the latest advancement in medicinal science, there are many highly effectual medications which can keep the post-surgical pain under control. According to experts well-controlled pain can lead to speedy recovery while preventing the long term problems.

The first few days after the surgery are the most uncomfortable days and once your wound starts to heal you will experience that your pain is diminishing. Always talk to your care team for a proper pain management plan after the surgery.

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What is the main cause and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease?

The exact cause or reason for this disorder is still not known but it is believed that genetics, environmental factors or the combination of both are the certain reasons for this disorder. Direct inheritance of this disease is very rare. On an average 10-15% of cases are caused due to genetic issues.

The primary symptoms which you can experience are Tremor (Shaking of limbs), Bradykinesia (slow in performing any activity), Change in gait (walking disability), Instability or the tendency to fall and rigidity, Bend posture.
Parkinson’s is considered as life changing disease but not life menacing. Patients with this disorder and seeking experts care are doing great in their lives and are at a lower risk of complications. If the disorder is left untreated it can adverse the quality of life.

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Can hypertension or high blood pressure leads to stroke?

Yes hypertension or uncontrolled blood pressure can lead to stroke as high blood pressure ruptures your blood vessels making them narrow and restricting the flow of blood and oxygen to the brain. Apart from this, it can also leads to the formation of blood clots inside the brain, which also restrict the flow of blood causing stroke. There are times when a person experience mini stroke (Transient Ischemic attack–TIA) which restricts the supply of blood and oxygen to the brain. Don’t ignore any such condition as they are the warnings signs, showing that you are at a risk of getting a serious stroke.

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What are the other causes of seizure apart from epilepsy?

The other causes of seizures are Head trauma or any such injury, Any infection, Brain tumor (nearly about 30-40% of patients with brain tumor have seizure), Head stroke or high fever, Diabetes (due to excessive low of blood sugar level can lead to seizure)

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Is there any relation between muscle disorder and Parkinson’s disease?

Not all muscle disorders are lead to Parkinson’s disease apart from some of them such as Tic and Tourette syndrome or Huntington’s disease. According to The Parkinson’s and Movement Disorder Institute, “The Four Cardinal Sign” of Parkinson’s disease are Tremor, Slowness of Movement, Stiffness of Movement, Impairment of Balance

In many cases the symptoms of Parkinson’s disorder can be mild in the first go and thus increases with aging. It is always advisable to consult your doctor on regular basis if you encounter any of the above symptoms.

What preventive measures I should take to keep my heart healthy?

It is best to understand the risk factors so that you can avert cardio vascular diseases 20, 30 or 40 years down the line. Start from quitting smoking either on your own or with the help of your physician, regularly visit your doctor for the screening of cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension and diabetes, make sure you are cutting down on cholesterol, fat in your diet, exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy weight. These are some of the best preventive measures one can take to have a healthy heart.

I am very much anxious about my risk for heart disease, when should I consult a doctor?

Anyone can be a victim of heart disease regardless of their age, so if you are anxious about heart disease or feeling uncomfortable about your family history, we would suggest you to see your doctor as soon as possible. Never hide anything from your doctor, if you have any family history of heart disease, smoking habit, heart attacks at young ages, etc. . Always remember that chest pain is not always the earliest symptom of heart disease, tiredness or shortness of breath can also be one the symptom. The main point to remember is that we should never ignore any symptom.

My family has a history of heart disease, so what can I do to prevent myself from it?

Consulting your doctor is the initial step you need take to keep yourself and your family heart disease free. Your doctor will evaluate your family history and lifestyle and then will provide you with some tips for diet improvement and will advise you to exercise regularly. Your physician might recommend you certain medications to lower down your cholesterol level if you have high cholesterol problem as that will be helpful in decreasing the risk of first heart attack. Some people requires a more aggressive approach to prevention, in those cases ultra fast CT Scan, Angiogrpahy, etc. is very much helpful in assessing people who are at higher risk.

Can you please suggest me some exercises, which are considered best to avoid heart problems?

Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death among people, claiming the lives of more than 40% of people who dies every year. All kinds of aerobic exercises and activities such as swimming, brisk walking, running, cardio exercises, etc strengthens the heart and keep it healthy. So exercise regularly and maintain a balanced and healthy diet, to keep heart problems aside.

Can you please tell me more about Congestive heart failure and what are the treatment options available?

It is a progressive condition which affects the pumping power of your heart muscles. Under this condition the heart is not able to pump the blood and oxygen to reach to the various parts of the body. Congestive heart failure can be caused by several factors but the most common is chronic hypertension or high blood pressure. Coronary artery disease, congenital heart disease, valve disease and very fast or very slow heart rhythms, are the other conditions that can lead to congestive heart failure.

Mentioned below are some of the treatment options available for Congestive Heart Failure: Medical management with the help of drugs such as ACE (Angiotensin Converting Enzyme), Repair and replacement of damaged valves, Coronary artery bypass grafting, Cardiomyoplasty, or the use of skeletal muscle to assist the heart and Heart Transplantation, reserved as a last mode of therapy.

Is it possible for a person to live with a heart failure?

The life expectancy of a person with heart failure depends on the age of the person, severity of heart failure, overall health and various other factors. In various cases, the person loses the ability to perform the basic physical activity. With the time, the heart loses its pumping capacity. Heart attacks, diabetes, coronary heart disease, these are the conditions that are responsible for heart failure and can also worsen the condition with the loss of functional ability. Patients with heart failure have an increased risk of sudden death or cardiac arrest generally caused by irregular heartbeat.

To improve the life expectancy with heart failure, patients need to take care of themselves. They must: Visit their physician regularly, Strictly follow all the instructions given by their physician, Medication should be taken as per the instructions, Need to put a check on their weight, Smoking and intake of tobacco products needs to be stopped immediately, Need to limit the consumption of alcohol, Quit smoking.

What is cancer and how does it develops?

Cancer is a group of more than 100 divergent diseases and it can develop in any part of the body.
Cells are considered as the basic unit, which makes up human body. Cells grow and divide to make new cells in the body as per the body’s requirement. Normally, the cells die as they get old or damage and hence new cells takes their place. When these cells grow abundantly, they tend to form a mass called tumor. A tumor can be malignant (cancerous) or non-malignant. A malignant (cancerous) tumor grows and spread to other parts of the body whereas a non-malignant tumor grows but does not spread to the other parts of the body.

There are various other types of cancer which doesn’t form any tumor such as - leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma.
The exact process of transformation of normal and healthy cells into cancerous cell is still unknown. There are various factors which are responsible for the conversion of normal and healthy cells into cancerous cells, such as: consumption of tobacco in the form of smoking and chewing, alcohol, radiation, asbestos, certain chemicals, excess consumption of fat, viruses, etc.

I have a lump in my body. So does that mean I have cancer or I am prone to cancer?

A lump can develop in any part of the body which either can be malignant (cancerous) or non-malignant. Certain lumps might grow in large size and thus produce ulcers, because of which they might impact the normal functioning of the nearby organs. Though, these lumps are not fatal in nature and don’t spread to other parts of the body. These kinds of lumps can be removed by various surgeries and thus will not recur. Then, there are cancerous lumps or tumors, which are malignant in nature. They are characterized by their potential to spread in the rest of the bodies.

It’s not mandatory that every lump is cancerous, but we would advise you to consult your doctor on priority basis, so that he can exactly tell you the severity and status of your lump.

Is cancer Hereditary?

Certain cancer seems to occur in the families but that doesn’t mean that the disease has been conveyed from parents to children through genetic material. According to scientist cancer is exactly not hereditary but hereditary component indeed impact an individual living with cancer.

Does radiation leads to cancer?

Though extreme radiation is dangerous and can cause cancer if not treated in an appropriate manner. Over exposure to X-rays, or by products of atomic radiation might lead to the development of cancer especially leukemia.

How can we diagnose a cancer at an early stage and how early diagnosis helps?

Pain is not an early symptom of cancer; it is the symptom of advance cancer. Periodic self examination of mouth and breast will be helpful in the detection of cancer at early or precancerous stages. In case of uterine cervix cancer, a simple cervical smear test is highly helpful in the early detection process.

If the cancer is detected at an early stage it can be cured, if possible. When a cervix cancer is confined, it is 100% curable but when it has spread to the nearby organs such as bladder or rectum the cure gets very difficult. It’s the same with breast cancer; an early detection has more than 85% chances of survival. Hence, early diagnosis always has a better cure rate.

Can we prevent Cancer?

Yes, there are various cancers which are preventable such as mouth cancer, which can be prevented by avoiding the chewing of tobacco. In case of lung and throat cancer, the prevention can be done by not smoking.

Does a balanced diet helps in the prevention of cancer?

Yes, a well balanced diet which contains less fat and greener leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, milk etc, can protect people from various diseases including cancer. Diet rich in fat can lead to intestine cancer, colon, rectum, prostate, uterus and breast cancer. According to doctors and scientist it has been observed that a diet rich in fiber is protective against intestinal cancer and there is a strong protective impact of green leafy vegetables, carrot milk, citrus fruits, etc against various form of cancers.

Is asthma curable or is it fatal?

Asthma is non curable chronic disease. Though, with proper care and medication it can be controlled. Deaths due to asthma are rare in nature and thus are preventable. In general, asthma doesn’t cause any permanent damage to our lungs and when controlled the impacted lungs gets back to their normal working schedule.

It’s mandatory to take a good care your lungs by regularly visiting your doctor and by following the treatment plan your doctor has provided to you. This will help you control your asthma

Can you please explain me more about Sarcoidosis, its causes and its treatments available?

Sarcoidosis or Sarcoid is an anti-inflammatory disorder in which our body immune’s system becomes activated for unclear reasons. Sarcoid can affect any part of the body such as skin, eyes, etc but lungs and lymph glands are the most affected organs. Cough and shortness of breath are the most common symptoms of this disorder. The exact cause of this disorder is still not known. The disease might be genetic or due to exposure to environmental stimulus. Research and studies are still going on to understand, how this disease spreads from one part of body to another.

There is no specific or major treatment required for this disorder as in many cases the disease go away spontaneously, whereas in other cases it stays for a while causing a little or no symptoms at all. At times your vital organs also gets affected with Sarcoid which requires proper treatment.

What is COPD and how will I know that I have COPD?

COPD is a progressive lung disease which leads to difficulty in breathing. This disease also includes chronic bronchitis, refractory asthma, emphysema, and some form of bronchiectasis. Cigarette smokers are at the higher risk of developing COPD, however a very small number of people have a genetic form of emphysema which is generally known as alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency.

If you experience cough and sputum production especially in the morning along with wheezing, tightness in the chest and shortness of breath, then you must consult your doctor as soon as possible for the diagnosis of COPD. For better understanding your doctor will do a breathing test PFT’s for the diagnosis along with a chest X-ray.

What is Lung Cancer and what are the signs and preventive measures I can take to keep myself away from Lung Cancer?

Lung cancer is the most fatal cancer in the world found in both, men and women. 94% of lung cancer cases are due to heavy smoking. The risk of developing lung cancer is 24-36 times higher in smokers in comparison to non smokers and 3.5% for passive smokers.

In most of the cases, lung cancer doesn’t show any symptoms until they spread to the other parts of the body. But there are certain symptoms which can help in the early detection of lung cancer. They are: A cough that gets worse with the time and doesn’t go away, Coughing up blood or rust-colored sputum (spit or phlegm), Pain in the chest which gets worse with deep breathing, coughing or laughing, Sudden loss of weight and loss of appetite, Shortness of breath, Feeling of tiredness and weakness, New onset of wheezing, Other infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia that keep coming back every now and then.

If you want to keep yourself away from lung cancer then you need to quit smoking on priority basis and then need to visit your doctor for further lung cancer screening, so that you can get the exact condition of your lungs.

What is Sleep Study and will I be able to sleep peacefully after that? Is CPAP / that machine / that mask / is the only option available for the person dealing with sleep apnea?

Sleep Study is an overnight sleep test which is performed at the sleep study center. During the study, wires will be taped to your body and specialized belts will be used to measure your sleep. It is considered to be the best method which helps doctors to understand the sleep and sleeping pattern of the patient completely. Majority of patients sleeps well during the study.

CPAP is considered to be one of the best treatments available for sleep apnea. CPAP has changed thousands of patient’s lives in a positive way. We advise all the people dealing with sleep apnea should use CPAP to get rid of the problem. Get your sleep study done, consult a doctor and have guidance on the treatment options and type of CPAP required as per your individual need.

Why IVF is needed?

The term IVF stands for In Vitro Fertilization. It is for the couples who are trying to conceive a baby for more than a year but are unsuccessful. IVF is of much help in certain cases such as- endometriosis, male infertility and unexplained infertility.

What can be done in a condition where the woman is not capable of carrying a pregnancy?

There are various medical conditions which makes carrying pregnancy impossible for some women. Reproductive medicine plays an important role in these cases by enabling another woman; know as a gestational carrier (surrogate) to carry the baby of a woman who is unable to sustain pregnancy. There are various reasons due to which a woman can’t sustain pregnancy, such as – no uterus, abnormal uterine cavity, several recurrent miscarriages, recurrent IVF cycles which are unable to produce pregnancy.

Are there any risks in having a baby through IVF?

Till date, 5 million of babies have been born with the help of IVF. There are no such major risks involved but IVF has very little effect on health of the child. Majority of the children appears healthy through this process but a certain children experience health problems such as low birth weight, premature birth and birth defects. These health problems are inherited from intended parents and are not because of this technology and can be managed well with the help of medical treatment.

Is the retrieval of egg procedure is painful?

Patient is given anesthesia before the procedure so that they won’t feel anything during the process of egg retrieval. It is a minor surgical procedure, in which a thin needle is passed through the walls of the vagina reaching to both the ovaries. The needle then punctures each egg follicle and gently removes the egg through suction. Patient might experience some minor cramping in the ovaries which can be treated by medications.

What is the success rate of pregnancy with frozen embryos?

Good quality frozen embryos survival rate is greater than 90%. In the past, the rates were not this much greater but now the method of freezing embryos had undergone a big change and has increased the success rate of pregnancy. These day embryos are frozen by the process known as vitrification.

What are the options available for a woman who is not able to produce her eggs for pregnancy?

The potential to use a donor’s egg has helped thousand of women to sustain pregnancy when they otherwise might not have this opportunity. The process of egg donation with IVF has high success rates. The procedure of eggs donation follow the same procedure as of IVF, except the intended parents have the liberty to select a donor.

What is Cochlear Implant?

A cochlear implant is an electronic device which is implanted inside the ear by a surgical method. It provides a sense of sound to the person who has acute deafness or is critically hard of hearing in both ears.

Is everyone eligible to receive an implant ?

There is no age bar; children as young as 12 months of age dealing with severe hearing loss in both the ears can get the implantation done with better outcomes. Elderly adults who have critical hearing loss in both the ears, using hearing aids which provide minimal benefit are also eligible to get the cochlear implantation done.

What are the outcomes after cochlear implantation?

The outcome of cochlear implantation can’t be foreseen prior to the surgery. Every individual will have different experience after the implantation as the implantation has various outcomes. A young child who was born deaf will experience a great benefit after the implantation, in the areas of speech perception along with speech and language development. An adult who have shortest duration of deafness inclined to experience better results after the implantation.

Will I be able to take shower or go for swimming after the cochlear implantation?

Yes, you will be able to take shower or go for swimming and will be able to perform all sorts of your daily activities without any problem. During the process of implantation, the internal processor is placed underneath the skin making it waterproof. Previously the external processor was not waterproof and needs to be changed after some time but now there are various models which have waterproof external processors. It will be best if you discuss these options with your cochlear audiologist.

After the cochlear implantation, is the hearing absolutely normal?

No. Initially it’s not normal as the users describe the sound characteristics with certain words like “mechanical’, ‘technical’ and ‘synthetic’”. This understanding gradually changes and after some weeks the users doesn’t notice this artificial sound quality anymore.

What are eligible criterias to opt for Weight loss Surgery?

Weight Loss Surgery is not advisable to everyone. Doctors generally advise it to those people who have body mass index of 40 or more, which means about 100 pounds overweight for men and 80 for women, people who have lower BMI but have other serious health related problems to obesity such as heart disease, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, and those who have tried all the means to lose their weight with dieting, exercising, etc.

How much time will it take me to return to my work after bariatric surgery?

You won’t be staying away long from your work after the surgery. In one or two week you will be able to return to work. You might feel low on energy level after the surgery for a while. Your surgeon will provide you with all the information about what sort of work you can do after the surgery till the time you don’t recover completely.

If a person has type 2 diabetes will that make the surgery riskier for that person?

Yes, it might be risky for that person. So it’s better to follow all the instructions provided by your surgeon about managing the blood sugar level around the time of the surgery. As seen by the doctors, people living with type 2 diabetes experience big improvement after the surgery.

Is it advisable to go for bariatric surgery if someone has heart disease?

Yes, a person can undergo bariatric surgery but the person needs to have the medical clearance from their cardiologist. The post surgery results are very good as they lead to the improvement of various other heart related problems such as high blood pressure, cholesterol, lipid problems, heart enlargement (dilated heart or abnormal thickening), vascular (artery and vein) and coronary (heart artery)disease.

I am planning for a baby, so what is the right time to for a baby after the bariatric surgery? Will the baby be healthy?

Doctors recommend waiting for 12-18 months after the surgery. The risk of undergoing problems during the phase of pregnancy (gestational diabetes, eclampsia, macrosomia) and during childbirth is lower after the surgery. The chances of miscarriages and stillbirths also lower down. After the bariatric surgery, the chances of going through C section also reduce.

Yes, the baby will be healthy and fine and will be at lower risk of being affected by obesity later, due to activation of certain genes during fetus growth.

Will the doctor put me on special diet prior to my surgery?

Yes, almost every bariatric surgeon puts their patients on a special diet for 2-3 weeks prior to their surgeries. These diets are very much different from the short term diets. This diet helps liver to shrink down while the fat in the abdomen gets reduced, which makes the procedure safe and easy.

Do I have to be on diet after my surgery?

Majority of people thinks that dieting is a plan which leaves them hungry but actually going on diet is all about picking up healthy food over tasty food. A person will get their same appetite back within 6-18 months after the surgery. It’s better to discuss all the diet and eating plans with your surgeon after the surgery so that you can stay healthy always.

What is the process of kidney transplant?

Before the transplant, general anesthesia is given to the patient to help them to relax. The donor and the recipient stay in the adjacent operating rooms. The surgeon will remove the kidney from the donor and prepares it for the transplant into the recipient. The process starts when the surgeon connects the renal artery and vein of the donor’s kidney to the recipient’s artery and vein. This helps in the flow of blood through the kidney, which makes urine. The tube (ureter) which is coming down from the donor kidney is then stitched into the bladder. The new transplanted kidney starts working the time it has been transplanted. In rare scenarios, the donor kidney might take several days to “Wake Up”.

Does transplant from living or deceased donor impact the life expectancy?

Yes, the life expectancy does get affected. Living donor transplants lasts on an average for 15-20 years whereas deceased donor transplants lasts maximum for 10-15 years. This major difference is because a living donor’s kidney is removed from a healthy body and the transplantation happens right then only.

Does kidney transplant impacts the quality of life?

Yes, majority of patients have experienced improved life quality after the transplantation. When asked from the patients they said that they feel more energetic after the transplantation and have more energy to spend with time family, travelling and going back to work and they are now free from the renal dietary restrictions.

Would I die, if my kidney transplantation didn’t work?

No, there is nothing to worry about. If your kidney transplant doesn’t work effectively then you can again starts with the dialysis process or can opt for another transplant.

Is there any age restriction to get kidney transplant?

Age is not a factor in kidney transplantation. Though there are other factors which can restrict a person from getting the transplant done, which include - if their current life expectancy is less than 5 years, any case of recent cancer (apart from any skin cancer), heart diseases which is untreatable or psychiatric illness, active substance abuse like drugs and alcohol.

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Anaesthesiology

Best Anaesthesiology

We’ve got the best Anaesthetics and Critical Care experts coupled with latest anesthesia machines ensuring adequate gas mixture delivery to the patient, Anesthetic gas monitors who ensure extreme economy and negligible theatre pollution. The department has long experience of giving successful anaesthesia in various thoracic, vascular and congenital heart disease cases.

Audiology & Speech Therapy

Best Audiology & Speech Therapy

We have well equipped Audiology and Speech Therapy Units, professionally qualified Audiologist and Speech-Therapists to conduct various tests for diagnosis of speech and hearing problems in children and adults. Using multiple range of tests, the Audiology and Speech-Therapist diagnoses degree and type of hearing loss of patient and plan out the needful rehabilitation.

Bariatric & Metabolic Surgery

Best Bariatric & Metabolic Surgery

Metro Centre for Bariatric & Metabolic (diabetic) Surgeries is an advanced set-up having complete diagnostic and surgical facilities. We provide a relaxing and satisfying experience to every patient and help them achieve their weight-loss goals.

Blood Bank

Best Blood Bank

Our Blood Bank is committed to provide high quality services by assuring the supply of safe and quality blood and its products to the patients. The blood bank adopts most modern technology and equipment. We’ve fully automatic ELISA processor, blood grouping and cross matching and blood component equipments. All the records and standard operative procedures (SOPs) are maintained and followed as per National and International standards.

Cardiology & CTVS

Best Cardiology & CTVS

Department of Cardiology is headed by Padma Vibhushan & Dr. B C Roy National Awardee Dr. Purshotam Lal, a pioneer in Interventional Cardiology consisting of a team of highly qualified and skilled interventional Cardiologists. Under his leadership, the centre has grown into the most specialized centre for angiography and angioplasty.

Dentistry

Best Dentistry

Metro Dental And Implant Centre has delivered millions of smiles over the years. The centre offers state-of-the-art dental services both through general out-patient and private OPD.

Dermatology

Best Dermatology

The centre provides a holistic, scientific and a technologically advanced approach for all dermatological and cosmetic conditions. Consultations with our experienced dermatologists ensure that the patients get the best advice, be it for skin diseases or cosmetic interventions. Our specialized services include- Pimples / Acne – Pigmentation Treatment, Cosmetic Peels, Non-surgical removal of warts, Laser treatment, as more.

Endocrinology And Diabetes

Best Endocrinology And Diabetes

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes is a full-fledged facility involved in evaluating and treating patients for diabetes, Obesity, Sexual disorders, Hirsutism, PCOD, Osteoporosis, Adrenal disorders, other endocrine disorders. We offer a wide range of treatment options for endocrine and metabolic diseases. Our specialists are the most experienced one having a long track record of successful treatment of the patients.

ENT & Cochlear Implant

Best ENT & Cochlear Implant

We provide the complete diagnostic and treatment of disease and conditions associated with the ear, nose and throat. We are well experienced in treating everything from a basic disease to doing a complicated surgery involving Otolaryngologists, Audiologists, Speech-language pathologists and other medical professionals. Services include Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, Micro-Surgery of Ear, Cochlear Implant, Rhinoplasty, Head & Neck Surgeries, and more.

Gastroenterology & Gastro Surgery

Best Gastroenterology & Gastro Surgery

Metro Centre for Liver & Digestive Diseases (Gastroenterology & GI Surgery) has combined medical and surgical department. The team of doctors has received super speciality training in their respective field which ensures high quality of care. The combined setup of Gastroenterology and GI Surgery allows quick assessment and treatment of the patient. Our surgical services include the performance of specialized and complex GI surgical procedures for the management of diseases of various parts of the GI tract.

Haemotology

Best Haemotology

Clinical Haematology unit headed by very senior clinical haematologist . To support this, Metro Path Labs are well equipped and advanced labs to handle relevant investigations related to blood, lymphnode and spleen disorders like Leukemia, Thalassemia, multiple myeloma, etc. Routine procedures done here are Bone Marrow Aspiration, Bone Marrow Biopsy, Peripheral Smear Study, Reticulocyte count.

Holistic Medicine

Best Holistic Medicine

The department aims at healing the person completely - body, mind, spirit, and emotions aimed at optimal health and wellness. This is achieved with the help of specialists and by gaining proper balance in life. Our specialists use all forms of healthcare ranging from conventional medication to alternative therapies, to treat a patient. Our doctors use the combinations of drugs and lifestyle modifications to address any condition.

Homeopathy

Best Homeopathy

We bring you the convenience of getting quality homeopathic treatment for all your chronic and long standing illnesses. We are committed to provide you the best of the information and constitutional homeopathic treatment. Diseases Treated by Homoeopathy are Infectious Diseases, Viral Diseases, Diseases of Infancy and Childhood & Allergic Disorder.

Internal Medicine

Best Internal Medicine

The Department of Internal Medicine is a full-fledged facility offering comprehensive care for general and preventive medicine for all ages. The Department has the support and back-up of all super-specialities in the hospital providing end to end services varying from diagnosis, prevention, treatment, wellness, preventive health checks, rehabilitation services and management of various medical conditions.

Interventional Radiology

Best Interventional Radiology

A sub-speciality of Radiology is a subspecialty of radiology, providing minimally invasive treatments performed under guidance of x-ray fluoroscopy, ultrasound or computed tomography (CT Scan). In simple terms interventional radiologists “Not Just Diagnose But Treat too” with minimal invasive techniques. The advanced technology in Radiology provides a strong platform for efficient Interventional Radiological Procedures.

IVF

Best IVF

Metro Centre for IVF is at the forefront of delivering quality services in the field of Assisted Reproductive Techniques like IVF-IUI, ICSI, Surrogacy, etc.

Laboratory

Best Laboratory

A highly skilled team of medical professionals including physicians, medical technologists, medical technicians, lab assistants, biologists, chemist, microbiologists, geneticists, and other specialists work collaboratively to provide advanced diagnosis and laboratory services. Fully automated Robotic Arm, State-of-the-art BacT / Alert 3D Microbial Detection System etc. are among our top of the line technologies available.

Laparoscopic & General Surgery

Best Laparoscopic & General Surgery

Metro Hospitals and Heart Institute is well equipped with latest technological advancements in general and laparoscopic surgery and the centre is boasted to an advanced centre for general and laparoscopic surgeries.

Nephrology & Renal Transplant

Best Nephrology & Renal Transplant

Our department of nephrology and renal transplant is a well equipped unit with a dedicated team of skilled consultants and paramedical staff which offers patient the advantages of a multidisciplinary approach. Our center deals in treating children and adolescents with congenital and acquired kidney diseases. We accept patients at any stage of kidney disease. The services include Medical Management of Kidney Diseases, Dialysis and Renal Transplant.

Neurosciences

Best Neurosciences

The Department of Neurosciences has extremely talented and very well trained doctors who collaboratively work towards creating new paradigms for knowing the human brain condition and caring for it. Facilities include NCV, EMG, EEG, Video EEG, Botox Therapy for migraine and movement disorders (dystonia), Dedicated Stroke ICU, Neuro Rehabilitation Advanced facilities for Surgical Neurology.

Nutrition & Health

Best Nutrition & Health

A balanced diet provides complete balanced nutrition which is essential for a healthy life, enhancing the immunity of the person. The department consisting of expert dieticians provides Diet counseling according to the diagnosis of the patients, Diet counseling for different types of diseases like Diabetes, Liver diseases, Renal diseases, Diet related to pregnancy and lactation, Cardiac diseases, Weight management and many more.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Best Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Metro Centre For Obstetrics And Gynaecology is determined to unite their exceptional medical competence, advanced technology and novelty to offer the best treatments to the patients. Our broad spectrum of services include painless deliveries, management of high risk pregnancies/late pregnancies, gynae laparoscopic procedures, gynae onco services, pre and post natal care, amongst others.

Oncology & Onco Surgery

Best Oncology & Onco Surgery

We strive to create the best in class infrastructure, comprehensive facilities and render care and support by handholding every cancer patient in their journey. The management plan for each cancer is chalked out once the cancer is identified and staged. Treatment plan may include surgery, radiation and/or cancer medicine therapy. The team of Oncology Comprises of expert Medical Oncologists, Surgeons and Radiation Oncologists.

Ophthalmology, Metro Eye Centre

Best Ophthalmology, Metro Eye Centre

The team of highly experienced Ophthalmologists in a modern set-up perform various services like Phacoemulsification (Sutureless Cataract Surgery), YAG laser (for after cataract and glaucoma), Green laser (for diabetic and retinal eye diseases), Automated Perimetry, (For Glaucoma and Neurological visual Field), Applanation Tonometry for Glaucoma, Glaucoma surgery, Squint Surgery, etc. The results of all procedures match the international standards.

Orthopaedics, Joint Replacement & Spine Surgery

Best Orthopaedics, Joint Replacement & Spine Surgery

Metro Centre for Orthopaedics and Joint Replacements offers a wide range of treatment and comprehensive care for all kinds of musculo-skeletal conditions such as joint pain, spine pain, trauma, sports and other injuries. The Centre is well recognized for joint replacement surgeries of hip, knee and shoulder. The department is led by highly trained Orthopaedicians along with wide array of advanced technology. The Centre is specialized in providing services such as minimally invasive surgery, joint replacements, Orthopaedic Rehabilitation.

Paediatrics & Neonatology

Best Paediatrics & Neonatology

Metro Centre for Paediatrics & Neonatology is a top-notch centre for childcare which provides comprehensive paediatric, surgical, and immunization services to children up. We follow a holistic approach to treatment with our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Paediatric and Neonatal Emergency, etc.

Physiotherapy

Best Physiotherapy

The services in Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation include Consultation, Diagnostic: examination, S D curve, muscle testing, ADL testing, Manual therapy: active/assisted/passive/resisted/graded resisted exercise etc., physiotherapeutic interventional procedures, (home care) etc., Obstetric, gynecological clinic: antenatal and post natal care, and other management, Geriatric clinic: help in ADL activity, pain free activity, Fitness clinic, Posture correction clinic, Ergonomics clinic, etc.

Plastic, Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery

Best Plastic, Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery

The department has highly experienced specialists in cosmetic and plastic surgery, state-of -the-art infrastructure ensuring world class medical attention and care. It is an acknowledgement center of excellence providing advanced and intricate treatment. The center also offers the world superior quality cosmetic treatment at costs that are highly affordable, with results comparable to those at the best centers across the globe.

Psychiatry

Best Psychiatry

With the mission of spreading mental health awareness, we provide a variety of services ranging from awareness programmes to rehabilitations. The services provided are Pharmacotherapy, Electroconvulsive Therapy, Narcoanalysis, Biofeedback, Detoxification and Rehabilitation Programmes, Deaddiction Counseling, Stress Management, Couples/ Marital Counseling and many more.

Psychology

Best Psychology

We have a long experience in addressing the mental health conditions. Our experienced psychologists analyze the reasons behavioral disorder, emotional problem or psychiatric disease, and suggest and implement a valid solution to the problems customized to individual needs. The privacy of the patient is taken seriously during the total course of treatment.

Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine

Best Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine

World-renowned specialists and comprehensive advanced setup helps treat disorders related to the lungs, breathing and sleep with high success rate. The services include treatment of Asthma, COPD, Chronic Respiratory Failure, Sleep Disorders, Interstitial Lung Diseses, Tumours and Cancers of the Lung and Chest, Allergic Disorders, Laparoscopic Assisted Thoracic Surgeries.

Radiology

Best Radiology

A highly skilled team of experience Radiologists and Technicians comprises our Radiology Team. The highly advanced technology combined with high expertise ensures 100% accurate results which helps build right diagnosis. The facilities include: CT Scan (500 Slice), Advanced MRI (1.5 Tesla), 4D Ultrasound, Digital X-Ray, Bone Densitometry, Colour Doppler.

Rheumatology

Best Rheumatology

Immensely qualified team of experts is always available to accord the diseases of musculoskeletal system. The service include the treatment of various auto immune diseases like Rheumatoid Arthritis, SLE, Ankylosing spondylosis, gout and other immunological diseases, New Biological Treatments. We do have 24*7 physiotherapy department which deal with musculoskeletal problems with special emphasis on the correction of joint deformity.

Stem Cell Therapy

Best Stem Cell Therapy

coming soon

Urology

Best Urology

The Centre for Uro-Sciences boasts of experienced and renowned Urologists having thorough exposure to all urological disorders including complicated conditions. It is has good track record for high success rates. The treatment includes Laser prostatic surgery, Urologic Cancer Surgeries, Laparoscopic Urological Surgeries, Percutaneous Renal Surgery, Urethral Reconstructive Surgery, etc. and the facilities include ESWL (Extra corporeal shock wave Lithotripsy), Uroflowmetry, Uro Radio diagnosis, etc.

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