There is an array of diseases and conditions pertaining to gastrointestinal tract for which surgery dots to be the last resort. When opting for a surgical treatment, patients are often faced with a decision to make between traditional surgery and minimally invasive surgical techniques.
What is Laproscopic Upper Gut Surgery?
Laparoscopic Upper Gut Surgery refers to endoscopic and surgical procedures performed by minimally invasive techniques on the Upper Gut which includes the Oesophagus, Gallbladder, Spleen, Liver, Pancreas, Stomach and, Small intestine. Upper Gut Surgeries are performed by Upper GI Surgeons. The technique of Laproscopy allows surgeons to perform truly complex operations with minimal scarring and quick recovery time.
Diagnosis and treatment of the following disorders of the upper gut can be undertaken with the technique of Laproscopy wherein an endoscope (a flexible tube with an illuminating device) is placed into a person’s digestive tract. The surgeon is thus, able to receive an enlarged view of the digestive tract for better examination.
Anti-reflux surgery and Hiatus Hernia Repair
The problem of Hiatus hernia occurs when the opening in the diaphragm becomes larger than normal. If the problem is not treated, contents of the stomach or other parts of the abdomen may herniate (bulge) into the chest, inducing heartburn (acid reflux) and causing serious damage to the oesophagus. Hiatus hernia can be repaired successfully by laproscopy.
A gastrectomy is a surgical approach for removing the stomach, either partially or completely. The need to perform this procedure arises in case of benign and malignant (cancerous) conditions. Depending on the cause and condition, the course of action taken for gastrectomy may be laparoscopic or open surgery.
The Upper GI surgeons perform oesophagectomy to remove a part or most of the oesophagus, usually in case of cancer. It is usually performed laparoscopically.
This involves surgical removal of the gall bladder in patients suffering from gallstones or other diseases concerned with gall bladder. This procedure has high success rates with very less chances of complications.
Hepatectomy (Liver surgery)
Hepatectomy is a minimally invasive laproscopic procedure employed in the surgical removal of a part of the liver. Many patients are able to take laproscopic surgery for the removal of tumours. This keeps the patient safe from the latent negative impacts of open surgery.
This involves removal of parts of the pancreas and is mostly performed for treating cancerous or pre-cancerous tumours. For performing some of these procedures laparoscopy can be done while others require open surgery in case where other organs attached to the pancreas may also necessitate exclusion.
Splenectomy is the surgical removal of the spleen. The most common reason to require removal of spleen is the presence of haematological conditions (pertaining to blood). The route of laproscopy or keyhole procedure can be taken as long as the size of spleen is not too large.
The Department of Gastroenterology & Gastro-Surgery at Metro Group of Hospitals are committed to provide you with the best healthcare services for the management of diseases of the Hepatobiliary and Digestive Systems. The centers possess state-of-the-art equipments supported by advanced intensive care units, offering expert care.