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Heart Surgery: Risks, Procedure and Preparation
Heart Surgery: Risks, Procedure and Preparation

The heart is an integral organ of the human body. It works day in and day out to pump blood to all the other organs of the body. However, over time people may develop problems with their hearts. For this, they may require surgery if the medical condition is serious or life-threatening. Cardiac surgery and Cardiovascular surgery are also the terms for various heart surgeries.


Not all heart-related conditions require surgery, but in some cases, surgical intervention becomes necessary. With advancements in medical science, several types of technologically advanced cardiac surgeries have been established. Heart surgeries mainly aim to alleviate the symptoms and enhance the overall quality of life.



Different Types of Heart Surgeries

There are many types of heart surgeries which we can perform to treat various heart-related conditions. Some of these include:

  • CABG (Bypass Surgery)
  • Valve Replacements
  • Congenital & Acquired Heart Defect Surgery
  • Peripheral Vascular Surgery
  • Laser for Varicose Veins

Preparation Before Heart Surgery

Heart Surgery can be a major or minimally invasive procedure. Depending upon the type of heart surgery prescribed to you, we recommend you make the following preparations before the day of your surgery arrives:


Consultation: Consult your surgeon a few weeks before the surgery. Prepare all the questions you might have and get all your queries answered. You may want to ask about the level of physical exercise you can do before the surgery. Ask your doctor about all the details of the procedure to understand how you need to prepare


Post-operative consultation is also important. Talk at length with your surgeon about the dos and don'ts after the surgery.


Medication: Take all the prescribed medications your doctor has asked you to take before the procedure. The doctor may also prescribe you to stop taking certain medications a few days before the surgery.


Diet: Ask your doctor about what you can eat before the surgery. Doctors may advise you to fast a few hours before the surgery. Follow the diet recommendations strictly.


Dental Checkup: Dental checkup is an important part of preoperative preparation. It is because dental problems can lead to the postponement of the surgery. Bacteria in the mouth may cause infections after heart surgery; hence, it is important to have a full dental checkup.


Family Spokesperson: Before your surgery, you might want to think about naming a spokesperson from your family. This person will be a trustworthy guardian who might have to make decisions for you when undergoing surgery or are under anaesthesia. You should also give any advanced directives if any.


Recovery Planning: Before your surgery, take some time to decide how you will spend your recovery period. Think about questions like who will drive you home, who will be with you if you need anything while you are recovering, etc.


Benefits of the Procedure

Heart surgery can reduce many of your dangerous symptoms and improve the overall quality of life. Some major benefits of heart surgery include:

  • Improvement in Heart Function
  • Ease in Chest Pain
  • Ease in Shortness of Breath
  • Reduced risk of a Heart Attack

Eligibility

Doctors perform extensive tests and checkups to evaluate if a patient is eligible for a particular heart surgery. Not all patients are eligible for all heart surgery procedures as it can be risky. The surgeons may perform one or more of the following tests to see if a patient is eligible for a specific surgery:

  • Ankle-Brachial Index
  • Blood work
  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Catheterization/Angiogram of the Heart
  • CT scans of Chest/Abdomen/Pelvis
  • Doppler Ultrasound of the Carotid Arteries
  • Echocardiogram
  • Pulmonary Function Test

The doctors may also perform further tests if necessary. Our experienced cardiac team will then review these tests to evaluate whether a patient is eligible for a certain kind of heart surgery.


Who is not Eligible For Heart Surgery?

Certain factors can make you ineligible for heart surgery. These include the following:

  • Any Active Infections
  • Allergies to Blood Thinners
  • Allergies to metals or radio-imaging agents
  • Other existing medical conditions
  • Recent medical history of cancer
  • Inappropriate age for heart transplant surgery

In addition to these factors, our certified heart team of heart surgeons & physicians will carefully evaluate the patients for any other issue that may make them ineligible for surgery. If a patient is found to be ineligible for surgery, alternative treatment plans will be devised to help them tackle their medical condition in the best possible way.


Heart surgery can sound scary, but with a dedicated and experienced team of doctors at Metro Hospitals, we ensure that our patients are supported and comforted every step of the way to make things easy for them.

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Metro Centre for Bariatric & Metabolic (diabetic) Surgeries is an advanced set-up having complete diagnostic and surgical facilities. We provide a relaxing and satisfying experience to every patient and help them achieve their weight-loss goals.

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Our Blood Bank is committed to provide high quality services by assuring the supply of safe and quality blood and its products to the patients. The blood bank adopts most modern technology and equipment. We’ve fully automatic ELISA processor, blood grouping and cross matching and blood component equipments. All the records and standard operative procedures (SOPs) are maintained and followed as per National and International standards.

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Department of Cardiology is headed by Padma Vibhushan & Dr. B C Roy National Awardee Dr. Purshotam Lal, a pioneer in Interventional Cardiology consisting of a team of highly qualified and skilled interventional Cardiologists. Under his leadership, the centre has grown into the most specialized centre for angiography and angioplasty.

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Metro Dental And Implant Centre has delivered millions of smiles over the years. The centre offers state-of-the-art dental services both through general out-patient and private OPD.

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The centre provides a holistic, scientific and a technologically advanced approach for all dermatological and cosmetic conditions. Consultations with our experienced dermatologists ensure that the patients get the best advice, be it for skin diseases or cosmetic interventions. Our specialized services include- Pimples / Acne – Pigmentation Treatment, Cosmetic Peels, Non-surgical removal of warts, Laser treatment, as more.

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The Department of Internal Medicine is a full-fledged facility offering comprehensive care for general and preventive medicine for all ages. The Department has the support and back-up of all super-specialities in the hospital providing end to end services varying from diagnosis, prevention, treatment, wellness, preventive health checks, rehabilitation services and management of various medical conditions.

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A sub-speciality of Radiology is a subspecialty of radiology, providing minimally invasive treatments performed under guidance of x-ray fluoroscopy, ultrasound or computed tomography (CT Scan). In simple terms interventional radiologists “Not Just Diagnose But Treat too” with minimal invasive techniques. The advanced technology in Radiology provides a strong platform for efficient Interventional Radiological Procedures.

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A highly skilled team of medical professionals including physicians, medical technologists, medical technicians, lab assistants, biologists, chemist, microbiologists, geneticists, and other specialists work collaboratively to provide advanced diagnosis and laboratory services. Fully automated Robotic Arm, State-of-the-art BacT / Alert 3D Microbial Detection System etc. are among our top of the line technologies available.

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The Department of Neurosciences has extremely talented and very well trained doctors who collaboratively work towards creating new paradigms for knowing the human brain condition and caring for it. Facilities include NCV, EMG, EEG, Video EEG, Botox Therapy for migraine and movement disorders (dystonia), Dedicated Stroke ICU, Neuro Rehabilitation Advanced facilities for Surgical Neurology.

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A balanced diet provides complete balanced nutrition which is essential for a healthy life, enhancing the immunity of the person. The department consisting of expert dieticians provides Diet counseling according to the diagnosis of the patients, Diet counseling for different types of diseases like Diabetes, Liver diseases, Renal diseases, Diet related to pregnancy and lactation, Cardiac diseases, Weight management and many more.

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Metro Centre for Paediatrics & Neonatology is a top-notch centre for childcare which provides comprehensive paediatric, surgical, and immunization services to children up. We follow a holistic approach to treatment with our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Paediatric and Neonatal Emergency, etc.

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Plastic, Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery

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Stem Cell Therapy

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Urology

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