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Leptospirosis: All you need to know!

Leptospirosis: All you need to know!

In India, the concern has increased, death toll is on rise in Mumbai due to the spread of Leptospirosis. As per Maharashtra Public Health Department, Maharashtra has recorded 20 cases of Leptospirosis from January to June 2018, where Mumbai holds the record of maximum number of cases i.e. 12 cases. Leptospirosis has claimed seven and nine lives in the year 2016 and 2017 respectively. In last 5 days, in Mumbai only, 3 lives were claimed by it.

What is Leptospirosis?

Leptospirosis is a water-borne bacterial disease and is more prevalent during monsoon.  It is majorly caused by the bacterial Leptospira and is spread through the urine of the infected animals. Flooding caused by heavy downpour increases the risk of getting infected with the disease as more and more people have to wade through the contaminated water.

“Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium Leptospira. It generally spread through the urine and feces of rats and dogs. More specifically through rats.

When it is flooded and rats pass stool or urine in the water, the water gets contaminated with Leptospirosis causing bacteria.

If a person having some open wounds in the body is exposed to this contaminated water, he is at the high risk of getting Leptospirosis.

Farmers are at high risk as there are lots of rats in the field and when the farmers go to the fields for plowing they get infected with this bacterium. This disease lasts from four to 21 days and it affects both animals and human beings.”

Signs and Symptoms of Leptospirosis:

This disease can cause a wide range of symptoms such as high fever, muscle aches along with abdominal pain. In certain cases a person infected with this disease may not experience and show any kind of sign or symptoms. In most of the cases the infected person develops jaundice in the early stages, though in later stages everybody gets jaundice. Mentioned below are some of the sign and symptoms of Leptospirosis:
High fever
Intense headache
Abdominal pain
Chills
Conjunctive Suffusion
Muscle Aches
Vomiting
Jaundice
Diarrhea
Skin Rash

Is Leptospirosis Curable?

Yes, it is curable. It will be best to consult a doctor on immediate basis if anyone experiences any of the above mentioned sign and symptoms. Antibiotics are used to treat the disease which includes doxycycline or penicillin. In most critical cases intravenous antibiotics are preferred by the doctors.

Getting a proper diagnosis is the initial step a person can take if they have high index of doubt about getting infected with the disease. Early diagnosis will be helpful in treating the disease with oral antibiotics or inject-able antibiotics. In chronic conditions there are chances that the patient might develop liver failure, respiratory failure or low platelet count.

Who are at risk of exposure to this disease?

Mentioned below is the list of people who are at higher risk of getting infected with this bacterium:
Farmers
Sewer maintenance workers
Sailors on rivers
Waste disposal workers
Slaughterhouse workers
Kayakers

Prevention is the key, hence mentioned below are some tips which is helpful in the prevention of the disease while keeping you healthy:

Avoid Contaminated Water: Make sure before consuming water. Leptospirosis can enter through the openings of the body; hence avoiding swimming, water-skiing, sailing or fishing in freshwater areas are also some of the ways which can prevent Leptospirosis. Generally saltwater is safe.

Keep away from infected animals, especially wild rats: The main carriers of the bacteria are rats and other rodents. Therefore, one has to be careful while handling the wild rat or if by any chance comes in contact with their habitat.

Be aware of your surroundings, especially when you travel: Poor sanitation is also a major cause for the person to get infected with this disease. In poor sanitation areas Leptospirosis is more common and thus it can be difficult to avoid. So, it’s important to recognize the symptoms and need to seek doctor on immediate basis if one is ill.

Use disinfectant: Bleach, Lysol, acid solution and iodine are the deadly to these bacteria. Make sure you are using these disinfectants to stay away from getting infected with this disease.

“It’s very common to get infected with Leptospirosis during rainy season. So it’s better to use these preventive methods to stay safe and healthy, and if you encounter any of the above mentioned symptoms then there is an immediate need for doctor’s consultation.”, says Dr. S Chakravorty, Sr. Consultant - Internal Medicine



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We’ve got the best Anaesthetics and Critical Care experts coupled with latest anesthesia machines ensuring adequate gas mixture delivery to the patient, Anesthetic gas monitors who ensure extreme economy and negligible theatre pollution. The department has long experience of giving successful anaesthesia in various thoracic, vascular and congenital heart disease cases.

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We have well equipped Audiology and Speech Therapy Units, professionally qualified Audiologist and Speech-Therapists to conduct various tests for diagnosis of speech and hearing problems in children and adults. Using multiple range of tests, the Audiology and Speech-Therapist diagnoses degree and type of hearing loss of patient and plan out the needful rehabilitation.

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Metro Centre for Bariatric & Metabolic (diabetic) Surgeries is an advanced set-up having complete diagnostic and surgical facilities. We provide a relaxing and satisfying experience to every patient and help them achieve their weight-loss goals.

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Our Blood Bank is committed to provide high quality services by assuring the supply of safe and quality blood and its products to the patients. The blood bank adopts most modern technology and equipment. We’ve fully automatic ELISA processor, blood grouping and cross matching and blood component equipments. All the records and standard operative procedures (SOPs) are maintained and followed as per National and International standards.

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Department of Cardiology is headed by Padma Vibhushan & Dr. B C Roy National Awardee Dr. Purshotam Lal, a pioneer in Interventional Cardiology consisting of a team of highly qualified and skilled interventional Cardiologists. Under his leadership, the centre has grown into the most specialized centre for angiography and angioplasty.

Dentistry

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Metro Dental And Implant Centre has delivered millions of smiles over the years. The centre offers state-of-the-art dental services both through general out-patient and private OPD.

Dermatology

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The centre provides a holistic, scientific and a technologically advanced approach for all dermatological and cosmetic conditions. Consultations with our experienced dermatologists ensure that the patients get the best advice, be it for skin diseases or cosmetic interventions. Our specialized services include- Pimples / Acne – Pigmentation Treatment, Cosmetic Peels, Non-surgical removal of warts, Laser treatment, as more.

Endocrinology And Diabetes

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Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes is a full-fledged facility involved in evaluating and treating patients for diabetes, Obesity, Sexual disorders, Hirsutism, PCOD, Osteoporosis, Adrenal disorders, other endocrine disorders. We offer a wide range of treatment options for endocrine and metabolic diseases. Our specialists are the most experienced one having a long track record of successful treatment of the patients.

ENT & Cochlear Implant

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We provide the complete diagnostic and treatment of disease and conditions associated with the ear, nose and throat. We are well experienced in treating everything from a basic disease to doing a complicated surgery involving Otolaryngologists, Audiologists, Speech-language pathologists and other medical professionals. Services include Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, Micro-Surgery of Ear, Cochlear Implant, Rhinoplasty, Head & Neck Surgeries, and more.

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Metro Centre for Liver & Digestive Diseases (Gastroenterology & GI Surgery) has combined medical and surgical department. The team of doctors has received super speciality training in their respective field which ensures high quality of care. The combined setup of Gastroenterology and GI Surgery allows quick assessment and treatment of the patient. Our surgical services include the performance of specialized and complex GI surgical procedures for the management of diseases of various parts of the GI tract.

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Clinical Haematology unit headed by very senior clinical haematologist . To support this, Metro Path Labs are well equipped and advanced labs to handle relevant investigations related to blood, lymphnode and spleen disorders like Leukemia, Thalassemia, multiple myeloma, etc. Routine procedures done here are Bone Marrow Aspiration, Bone Marrow Biopsy, Peripheral Smear Study, Reticulocyte count.

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The department aims at healing the person completely - body, mind, spirit, and emotions aimed at optimal health and wellness. This is achieved with the help of specialists and by gaining proper balance in life. Our specialists use all forms of healthcare ranging from conventional medication to alternative therapies, to treat a patient. Our doctors use the combinations of drugs and lifestyle modifications to address any condition.

Homeopathy

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We bring you the convenience of getting quality homeopathic treatment for all your chronic and long standing illnesses. We are committed to provide you the best of the information and constitutional homeopathic treatment. Diseases Treated by Homoeopathy are Infectious Diseases, Viral Diseases, Diseases of Infancy and Childhood & Allergic Disorder.

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The Department of Internal Medicine is a full-fledged facility offering comprehensive care for general and preventive medicine for all ages. The Department has the support and back-up of all super-specialities in the hospital providing end to end services varying from diagnosis, prevention, treatment, wellness, preventive health checks, rehabilitation services and management of various medical conditions.

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A sub-speciality of Radiology is a subspecialty of radiology, providing minimally invasive treatments performed under guidance of x-ray fluoroscopy, ultrasound or computed tomography (CT Scan). In simple terms interventional radiologists “Not Just Diagnose But Treat too” with minimal invasive techniques. The advanced technology in Radiology provides a strong platform for efficient Interventional Radiological Procedures.

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Metro Centre for IVF is at the forefront of delivering quality services in the field of Assisted Reproductive Techniques like IVF-IUI, ICSI, Surrogacy, etc.

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A highly skilled team of medical professionals including physicians, medical technologists, medical technicians, lab assistants, biologists, chemist, microbiologists, geneticists, and other specialists work collaboratively to provide advanced diagnosis and laboratory services. Fully automated Robotic Arm, State-of-the-art BacT / Alert 3D Microbial Detection System etc. are among our top of the line technologies available.

Laparoscopic & General Surgery

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Metro Hospitals and Heart Institute is well equipped with latest technological advancements in general and laparoscopic surgery and the centre is boasted to an advanced centre for general and laparoscopic surgeries.

Nephrology & Renal Transplant

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Our department of nephrology and renal transplant is a well equipped unit with a dedicated team of skilled consultants and paramedical staff which offers patient the advantages of a multidisciplinary approach. Our center deals in treating children and adolescents with congenital and acquired kidney diseases. We accept patients at any stage of kidney disease. The services include Medical Management of Kidney Diseases, Dialysis and Renal Transplant.

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The Department of Neurosciences has extremely talented and very well trained doctors who collaboratively work towards creating new paradigms for knowing the human brain condition and caring for it. Facilities include NCV, EMG, EEG, Video EEG, Botox Therapy for migraine and movement disorders (dystonia), Dedicated Stroke ICU, Neuro Rehabilitation Advanced facilities for Surgical Neurology.

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A balanced diet provides complete balanced nutrition which is essential for a healthy life, enhancing the immunity of the person. The department consisting of expert dieticians provides Diet counseling according to the diagnosis of the patients, Diet counseling for different types of diseases like Diabetes, Liver diseases, Renal diseases, Diet related to pregnancy and lactation, Cardiac diseases, Weight management and many more.

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Metro Centre For Obstetrics And Gynaecology is determined to unite their exceptional medical competence, advanced technology and novelty to offer the best treatments to the patients. Our broad spectrum of services include painless deliveries, management of high risk pregnancies/late pregnancies, gynae laparoscopic procedures, gynae onco services, pre and post natal care, amongst others.

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We strive to create the best in class infrastructure, comprehensive facilities and render care and support by handholding every cancer patient in their journey. The management plan for each cancer is chalked out once the cancer is identified and staged. Treatment plan may include surgery, radiation and/or cancer medicine therapy. The team of Oncology Comprises of expert Medical Oncologists, Surgeons and Radiation Oncologists.

Ophthalmology, Metro Eye Centre

Best Ophthalmology, Metro Eye Centre

The team of highly experienced Ophthalmologists in a modern set-up perform various services like Phacoemulsification (Sutureless Cataract Surgery), YAG laser (for after cataract and glaucoma), Green laser (for diabetic and retinal eye diseases), Automated Perimetry, (For Glaucoma and Neurological visual Field), Applanation Tonometry for Glaucoma, Glaucoma surgery, Squint Surgery, etc. The results of all procedures match the international standards.

Orthopaedics, Joint Replacement & Spine Surgery

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Metro Centre for Orthopaedics and Joint Replacements offers a wide range of treatment and comprehensive care for all kinds of musculo-skeletal conditions such as joint pain, spine pain, trauma, sports and other injuries. The Centre is well recognized for joint replacement surgeries of hip, knee and shoulder. The department is led by highly trained Orthopaedicians along with wide array of advanced technology. The Centre is specialized in providing services such as minimally invasive surgery, joint replacements, Orthopaedic Rehabilitation.

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Metro Centre for Paediatrics & Neonatology is a top-notch centre for childcare which provides comprehensive paediatric, surgical, and immunization services to children up. We follow a holistic approach to treatment with our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Paediatric and Neonatal Emergency, etc.

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The services in Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation include Consultation, Diagnostic: examination, S D curve, muscle testing, ADL testing, Manual therapy: active/assisted/passive/resisted/graded resisted exercise etc., physiotherapeutic interventional procedures, (home care) etc., Obstetric, gynecological clinic: antenatal and post natal care, and other management, Geriatric clinic: help in ADL activity, pain free activity, Fitness clinic, Posture correction clinic, Ergonomics clinic, etc.

Plastic, Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery

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The department has highly experienced specialists in cosmetic and plastic surgery, state-of -the-art infrastructure ensuring world class medical attention and care. It is an acknowledgement center of excellence providing advanced and intricate treatment. The center also offers the world superior quality cosmetic treatment at costs that are highly affordable, with results comparable to those at the best centers across the globe.

Psychiatry

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With the mission of spreading mental health awareness, we provide a variety of services ranging from awareness programmes to rehabilitations. The services provided are Pharmacotherapy, Electroconvulsive Therapy, Narcoanalysis, Biofeedback, Detoxification and Rehabilitation Programmes, Deaddiction Counseling, Stress Management, Couples/ Marital Counseling and many more.

Psychology

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We have a long experience in addressing the mental health conditions. Our experienced psychologists analyze the reasons behavioral disorder, emotional problem or psychiatric disease, and suggest and implement a valid solution to the problems customized to individual needs. The privacy of the patient is taken seriously during the total course of treatment.

Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine

Best Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine

World-renowned specialists and comprehensive advanced setup helps treat disorders related to the lungs, breathing and sleep with high success rate. The services include treatment of Asthma, COPD, Chronic Respiratory Failure, Sleep Disorders, Interstitial Lung Diseses, Tumours and Cancers of the Lung and Chest, Allergic Disorders, Laparoscopic Assisted Thoracic Surgeries.

Radiology

Best Radiology

A highly skilled team of experience Radiologists and Technicians comprises our Radiology Team. The highly advanced technology combined with high expertise ensures 100% accurate results which helps build right diagnosis. The facilities include: CT Scan (500 Slice), Advanced MRI (1.5 Tesla), 4D Ultrasound, Digital X-Ray, Bone Densitometry, Colour Doppler.

Rheumatology

Best Rheumatology

Immensely qualified team of experts is always available to accord the diseases of musculoskeletal system. The service include the treatment of various auto immune diseases like Rheumatoid Arthritis, SLE, Ankylosing spondylosis, gout and other immunological diseases, New Biological Treatments. We do have 24*7 physiotherapy department which deal with musculoskeletal problems with special emphasis on the correction of joint deformity.

Stem Cell Therapy

Best Stem Cell Therapy

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Urology

Best Urology

The Centre for Uro-Sciences boasts of experienced and renowned Urologists having thorough exposure to all urological disorders including complicated conditions. It is has good track record for high success rates. The treatment includes Laser prostatic surgery, Urologic Cancer Surgeries, Laparoscopic Urological Surgeries, Percutaneous Renal Surgery, Urethral Reconstructive Surgery, etc. and the facilities include ESWL (Extra corporeal shock wave Lithotripsy), Uroflowmetry, Uro Radio diagnosis, etc.

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