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Understanding Preeclampsia: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment

Understanding Preeclampsia: Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment

Pregnancy is an exciting and transformative time in a woman's life. However, it's important to be aware of potential complications that can arise. One such condition is preeclampsia, a pregnancy-related disorder characterized by high blood pressure and damage to organs, typically affecting the mother after 20 weeks of gestation. In this blog, we will delve into preeclampsia, its symptoms, risk factors, and available treatments, aiming to provide you with a comprehensive understanding of this condition.

What is Preeclampsia? Preeclampsia is a condition that affects expectant mothers and is marked by high blood pressure (hypertension) and signs of damage to other organ systems, commonly the liver and kidneys. It is a serious condition that requires medical attention, as it can lead to complications for both the mother and the baby.

Symptoms of Preeclampsia:

High Blood Pressure:A significant increase in blood pressure is a primary characteristic of preeclampsia. Blood pressure readings consistently above 140/90 mmHg are a cause for concern.

Proteinuria: This refers to the presence of excess protein in the urine, indicating potential kidney damage. It can be detected through a simple urine test.

Swelling: Swelling, particularly in the hands, face, and feet, is common in pregnancy. However, sudden or severe swelling may be an indicator of preeclampsia.

Headaches:Persistent headaches, often accompanied by visual disturbances such as blurred vision or seeing spots, may be indicative of preeclampsia.

Abdominal Pain: Severe pain in the upper right abdomen, just below the ribcage, can be a sign of liver involvement in preeclampsia.

Risk Factors for Preeclampsia: While the exact cause of preeclampsia is unknown, certain risk factors increase the likelihood of developing the condition. These include:

First-time pregnancy or having a new partner: Women experiencing their first pregnancy or those with a new partner are at a higher risk.

Previous history of preeclampsia: Women who have previously had preeclampsia are more likely to develop it in subsequent pregnancies.

Age and weight: Being younger than 20 or older than 40, as well as having a body mass index (BMI) over 30, can increase the risk.

Existing medical conditions: Chronic hypertension, kidney disease, diabetes, and autoimmune disorders can contribute to the development of preeclampsia.

Complications of Preeclampsia: Preeclampsia can lead to various complications that can pose risks to both the mother and the baby. Some of the common complications associated with preeclampsia include:

Eclampsia: Eclampsia is a severe complication of preeclampsia characterized by seizures. These seizures can be life-threatening for both the mother and the baby. Immediate medical attention is required in such cases.

HELLP Syndrome: HELLP syndrome is a condition that involves a combination of three liver-related problems: Hemolysis (breakdown of red blood cells), Elevated Liver enzymes, and Low Platelet count. It is a severe form of preeclampsia that can lead to liver damage, bleeding problems, and other complications.

Organ Damage:  Preeclampsia can cause damage to vital organs such as the liver, kidneys, and brain. This can result in liver dysfunction, kidney failure, stroke, or other neurological issues.

Placental Abruption: Preeclampsia increases the risk of placental abruption, where the placenta separates from the uterus before delivery. This can cause heavy bleeding and deprive the baby of oxygen and nutrients.

Restricted Fetal Growth: Preeclampsia can affect the placenta's ability to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the growing baby, leading to restricted fetal growth (intrauterine growth restriction). This can result in a low birth weight baby.

Preterm Birth: In some cases, preeclampsia may necessitate the delivery of the baby before full term to protect the mother's health or prevent further complications. Premature babies may face various health challenges due to their underdeveloped organs and systems.

Long-term Health Risks: Women who have had preeclampsia are at increased risk of developing high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, and kidney disease later in life. It is important for them to monitor their health and manage any potential long-term risks.

It's crucial for pregnant women to be aware of the potential complications associated with preeclampsia and seek immediate medical attention if they experience any concerning symptoms. Regular prenatal care and close monitoring by healthcare professionals can help in early detection and appropriate management of preeclampsia to minimize the risk of complications.

Treatment and Management of Preeclampsia: Preeclampsia is a condition that requires close monitoring and medical intervention. The treatment and management options include:

Regular prenatal care: Early detection through regular check-ups is crucial for identifying preeclampsia and initiating appropriate treatment.

Blood pressure monitoring:  Frequent blood pressure checks allow healthcare providers to monitor and manage hypertension.

Medications: Depending on the severity of the condition, medications may be prescribed to lower blood pressure and prevent complications.

Rest and lifestyle modifications: Adequate rest, reduced salt intake, and increased water consumption are often recommended to manage preeclampsia.

Delivery of the baby: In severe cases, delivery may be the most effective treatment, even if it means delivering the baby prematurely.

Conclusion: Preeclampsia is a serious condition that can impact the health of both mother and baby. By being aware of the symptoms, risk factors, and available treatments, expectant mothers can take proactive steps to mitigate the risks associated with preeclampsia. Regular prenatal care, blood pressure.


By

Dr. Satwika Dey

Consultant Obst & Gynaecology

Metro Hospitals & Heart Institute, Noida Sector-11, UP



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Our Blood Bank is committed to provide high quality services by assuring the supply of safe and quality blood and its products to the patients. The blood bank adopts most modern technology and equipment. We’ve fully automatic ELISA processor, blood grouping and cross matching and blood component equipments. All the records and standard operative procedures (SOPs) are maintained and followed as per National and International standards.

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Department of Cardiology is headed by Padma Vibhushan & Dr. B C Roy National Awardee Dr. Purshotam Lal, a pioneer in Interventional Cardiology consisting of a team of highly qualified and skilled interventional Cardiologists. Under his leadership, the centre has grown into the most specialized centre for angiography and angioplasty.

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Metro Dental And Implant Centre has delivered millions of smiles over the years. The centre offers state-of-the-art dental services both through general out-patient and private OPD.

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The centre provides a holistic, scientific and a technologically advanced approach for all dermatological and cosmetic conditions. Consultations with our experienced dermatologists ensure that the patients get the best advice, be it for skin diseases or cosmetic interventions. Our specialized services include- Pimples / Acne – Pigmentation Treatment, Cosmetic Peels, Non-surgical removal of warts, Laser treatment, as more.

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Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes is a full-fledged facility involved in evaluating and treating patients for diabetes, Obesity, Sexual disorders, Hirsutism, PCOD, Osteoporosis, Adrenal disorders, other endocrine disorders. We offer a wide range of treatment options for endocrine and metabolic diseases. Our specialists are the most experienced one having a long track record of successful treatment of the patients.

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We provide the complete diagnostic and treatment of disease and conditions associated with the ear, nose and throat. We are well experienced in treating everything from a basic disease to doing a complicated surgery involving Otolaryngologists, Audiologists, Speech-language pathologists and other medical professionals. Services include Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, Micro-Surgery of Ear, Cochlear Implant, Rhinoplasty, Head & Neck Surgeries, and more.

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Metro Centre for Liver & Digestive Diseases (Gastroenterology & GI Surgery) has combined medical and surgical department. The team of doctors has received super speciality training in their respective field which ensures high quality of care. The combined setup of Gastroenterology and GI Surgery allows quick assessment and treatment of the patient. Our surgical services include the performance of specialized and complex GI surgical procedures for the management of diseases of various parts of the GI tract.

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The department aims at healing the person completely - body, mind, spirit, and emotions aimed at optimal health and wellness. This is achieved with the help of specialists and by gaining proper balance in life. Our specialists use all forms of healthcare ranging from conventional medication to alternative therapies, to treat a patient. Our doctors use the combinations of drugs and lifestyle modifications to address any condition.

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We bring you the convenience of getting quality homeopathic treatment for all your chronic and long standing illnesses. We are committed to provide you the best of the information and constitutional homeopathic treatment. Diseases Treated by Homoeopathy are Infectious Diseases, Viral Diseases, Diseases of Infancy and Childhood & Allergic Disorder.

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The Department of Internal Medicine is a full-fledged facility offering comprehensive care for general and preventive medicine for all ages. The Department has the support and back-up of all super-specialities in the hospital providing end to end services varying from diagnosis, prevention, treatment, wellness, preventive health checks, rehabilitation services and management of various medical conditions.

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A sub-speciality of Radiology is a subspecialty of radiology, providing minimally invasive treatments performed under guidance of x-ray fluoroscopy, ultrasound or computed tomography (CT Scan). In simple terms interventional radiologists “Not Just Diagnose But Treat too” with minimal invasive techniques. The advanced technology in Radiology provides a strong platform for efficient Interventional Radiological Procedures.

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Metro Centre for IVF is at the forefront of delivering quality services in the field of Assisted Reproductive Techniques like IVF-IUI, ICSI, Surrogacy, etc.

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Metro Hospital offers state-of-the-art technology to provide individualized, ongoing care for patients with Liver failure problems.

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Our department of nephrology and renal transplant is a well equipped unit with a dedicated team of skilled consultants and paramedical staff which offers patient the advantages of a multidisciplinary approach. Our center deals in treating children and adolescents with congenital and acquired kidney diseases. We accept patients at any stage of kidney disease. The services include Medical Management of Kidney Diseases, Dialysis and Renal Transplant.

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The Department of Neurosciences has extremely talented and very well trained doctors who collaboratively work towards creating new paradigms for knowing the human brain condition and caring for it. Facilities include NCV, EMG, EEG, Video EEG, Botox Therapy for migraine and movement disorders (dystonia), Dedicated Stroke ICU, Neuro Rehabilitation Advanced facilities for Surgical Neurology.

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The team of highly experienced Ophthalmologists in a modern set-up perform various services like Phacoemulsification (Sutureless Cataract Surgery), YAG laser (for after cataract and glaucoma), Green laser (for diabetic and retinal eye diseases), Automated Perimetry, (For Glaucoma and Neurological visual Field), Applanation Tonometry for Glaucoma, Glaucoma surgery, Squint Surgery, etc. The results of all procedures match the international standards.

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The services in Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation include Consultation, Diagnostic: examination, S D curve, muscle testing, ADL testing, Manual therapy: active/assisted/passive/resisted/graded resisted exercise etc., physiotherapeutic interventional procedures, (home care) etc., Obstetric, gynecological clinic: antenatal and post natal care, and other management, Geriatric clinic: help in ADL activity, pain free activity, Fitness clinic, Posture correction clinic, Ergonomics clinic, etc.

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The department has highly experienced specialists in cosmetic and plastic surgery, state-of -the-art infrastructure ensuring world class medical attention and care. It is an acknowledgement center of excellence providing advanced and intricate treatment. The center also offers the world superior quality cosmetic treatment at costs that are highly affordable, with results comparable to those at the best centers across the globe.

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With the mission of spreading mental health awareness, we provide a variety of services ranging from awareness programmes to rehabilitations. The services provided are Pharmacotherapy, Electroconvulsive Therapy, Narcoanalysis, Biofeedback, Detoxification and Rehabilitation Programmes, Deaddiction Counseling, Stress Management, Couples/ Marital Counseling and many more.

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We have a long experience in addressing the mental health conditions. Our experienced psychologists analyze the reasons behavioral disorder, emotional problem or psychiatric disease, and suggest and implement a valid solution to the problems customized to individual needs. The privacy of the patient is taken seriously during the total course of treatment.

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World-renowned specialists and comprehensive advanced setup helps treat disorders related to the lungs, breathing and sleep with high success rate. The services include treatment of Asthma, COPD, Chronic Respiratory Failure, Sleep Disorders, Interstitial Lung Diseses, Tumours and Cancers of the Lung and Chest, Allergic Disorders, Laparoscopic Assisted Thoracic Surgeries.

Radiology

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A highly skilled team of experience Radiologists and Technicians comprises our Radiology Team. The highly advanced technology combined with high expertise ensures 100% accurate results which helps build right diagnosis. The facilities include: CT Scan (500 Slice), Advanced MRI (1.5 Tesla), 4D Ultrasound, Digital X-Ray, Bone Densitometry, Colour Doppler.

Rheumatology

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Immensely qualified team of experts is always available to accord the diseases of musculoskeletal system. The service include the treatment of various auto immune diseases like Rheumatoid Arthritis, SLE, Ankylosing spondylosis, gout and other immunological diseases, New Biological Treatments. We do have 24*7 physiotherapy department which deal with musculoskeletal problems with special emphasis on the correction of joint deformity.

Stem Cell Therapy

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Urology

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The Centre for Uro-Sciences boasts of experienced and renowned Urologists having thorough exposure to all urological disorders including complicated conditions. It is has good track record for high success rates. The treatment includes Laser prostatic surgery, Urologic Cancer Surgeries, Laparoscopic Urological Surgeries, Percutaneous Renal Surgery, Urethral Reconstructive Surgery, etc. and the facilities include ESWL (Extra corporeal shock wave Lithotripsy), Uroflowmetry, Uro Radio diagnosis, etc.

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