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You Are Not Too Young To Be Susceptible To Rheumatic Heart Disease

You Are Not Too Young To Be Susceptible To Rheumatic Heart Disease

Young people around the world seem to be of the opinion that they are too young to be susceptible to heart diseases. The majority of us consider heart diseases to be either old age-related problems or a heart condition caused by sudden shocks (thanks to the movies and soap operas). However, the fact is that the number of heart disease cases among the population below 30 years of age are increasing dramatically worldwide, majorly due to lifestyle choices which include but not limited to alcohol abuse, excessive smoking, obesity, diabetes, and others.

One of the heart conditions that young people are susceptible to is Rheumatic Heart Disease /Vascular Heart Disease. It is a condition that is caused due to prolonged Rheumatic fever, a condition that is caused by group A beta-hemolytic streptococci bacteria, it causes an immune response in the body that leads to the inflammation of valves that results in valve damage. These valves channel the blood in our heart from one chamber to another, when these valves get damaged due to rheumatic fever they can cause serious problems to our heart and can be fatal.

Rheumatic Heart Disease can lead to various other complications such as a ruptured heart valve, which would require required immediate surgery or replacement of a heart valve. In some cases, an infection in the inner lining of the heart may occur due to damaged heart valves which are termed medically as Bacterial Endocarditis. It can also cause complications during pregnancy and can lead to heart failure in pregnant women.

Symptoms of Rheumatic Heart Disease/ Valvular Heart Disease

As per the cardiac specialists, the symptoms or the warning signs in the form of Rheumatic fever start appearing at a young age of around 10 years to 14 years. Heart specialists state that a bacteria named group A beta-hemolytic streptococci which is very common in our country due to poor hygiene causes strep throat or scarlet fever and these conditions and if left untreated or under-treated can lead to complications that can cause damage to heart valves. So, it is essential to recognize the symptoms at an early stage for effective treatment of the condition.

Some of the symptoms of Rheumatic Heart Disease are:

Dyspnea: In this condition, the patient suffers from shortness of breath during day-to-day activities or even at rest.

Palpitation: In this condition patients heartbeat gets irregular and is audible to him after eating heavy meals or during the day to day activity. One should not ignore these symptoms and should immediately consult a heart specialist.

Chest pain –Discomfort or severe pain in the chest or heaviness radiating to your left arm and back are the symptoms of the heart disease.

Vertigo and Syncope – If you feel that you are moving in fact when you are not is known as Vertigo.

In case one is suffering from any of the above-mentioned symptoms, one should not worry and should immediately consult a heart specialist.

Rheumatic heart disease diagnosis process

The diagnosis process for rheumatic heart disease includes the following procedures:

Throat Culture Test - Throat culture or strep test is done to detect the presence of group A beta-hemolytic streptococci bacteria

 Blood Test - The antistreptolysin O (ASO) titer blood test is done to check the presence of strep fighting antibodies to determine the presence of streptococci bacteria.

Physical Examination -A medical consultant may check for an audible murmur or rub during a routine physical exam which is caused by leaking blood around the damaged valve or inflamed heart tissues rubbing of inflamed heart tissues.

Echocardiogram (echo). This is done to check the heart’s chambers and valves for any damage.

Chest X-ray. It is done to check any visible enlargement of the heart.

Cardiac MRI. It is done to get a clear and precise look at the heart.

Electrocardiogram (ECG). It is done to detect any abnormal rhythms (arrhythmias or dysrhythmias) through small sensors that pick the electrical impulses of the heart.

Once the above-mentioned tests have been completed, a heart specialist will analyze these reports and even if you are diagnosed with Rheumatic heart disease, the good news is that this disease is curable with nearly 100 % success rates.

Recommended treatments for Rheumatic Heart Disease

The Treatment depends upon the severity of the damage caused to the heart valve by the disease. Treatment may require surgery for the damaged valve for the replacement of the valve in case the damage is irreversible.

If the rheumatic heart disease is diagnosed in the early stages with minimum damage to the heart valve, Antibiotics are used to treat strep infections and prevent rheumatic fever thereof.  Anti-inflammatory drugs may be recommended to subside the symptoms such as inflammation to lower the risk of heart damage. Other medicines may be prescribed as per complications.

Precautions for prevention of Rheumatic Heart Disease

Since rheumatic heart disease is caused by rheumatic fever, it can be prevented by taking precautions to prevent strep infections. Antibiotics, as recommended by doctors, should be used to treat strep infections, and visiting medical professionals for time to time for routine check-ups can also help in early diagnosis and prevention. Maintaining hygiene should be given importance to prevent any kind of infectious disease.

The cardiology team at METRO hospital has been successfully conducting surgeries to cure as well as replace the biological valves with mechanical ones regularly.  Our Cardiac team lead by the world’s leading interventional cardiologist Dr. Purshotam Lal has the experience of conducting more than 1000 surgeries with a success rate of nearly 100%.

We at the metro group of hospitals are always committed to realizing the vision of providing world-class healthcare at an affordable cost and to achieve excellence in Healthcare services by offering exceptional care through state-of-the-art technology.

The Metro Group was established in the year 1997 by Padama Vibhusan, Padma Bhusan and Dr. B C Roy National Awardee Dr. Purshotam Lal with the vision to provide world-class healthcare amenities to his countrymen at an affordable cost.

Metro Group of Hospitals are the leading healthcare centers in our country boasting an ultra-modern infrastructure providing multispeciality care by an exceptional team of healthcare professionals under the leadership of world-renowned interventional cardiologist Dr. Purshotam Lal. We at Metro hospitals provide multispecialty care for 35 Chief and Allied-specialities that include Anaesthesiology, Cardiology & CTVS, Dentistry, Gastroenterology & Gastro Surgery, Internal Medicine, Neurosciences, Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Oncology & Onco Surgery, Orthopaedics, Joint Replacement & Spine Surgery, Paediatrics & Neonatology, Physiotherapy Plastic, Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery, Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine, Rheumatology, Stem Cell Therapy, Bariatric & Metabolic Surgery, Blood Bank, Dermatology, Endocrinology And Diabetes, ENT & Cochlear Implant, Haemotology, Holistic Medicine, Homeopathy, Interventional Radiology Laboratory, Laparoscopic & General Surgery, Nephrology & Renal Transplant, Nutrition & Health, Ophthalmology, Metro Eye Centre, Psychiatry, Psychology, Radiology, and Urology.

Dr. Purshotam Lal is an internationally acclaimed Interventional Cardiologist who epitomizes the best in professional excellence and service to humanity, especially the poor and the needy.

Dr. Lal was trained at world renowned medical institutions in the UK, Germany, and the USA. He is fellow of American College of Cardiology, American College of Medicine, Royal College of Physician (Canada), British Cardiovascular Interventional Society, German Society of Cardiovascular Research, Fellow of Society of Cardiac Angiography and Interventions, USA, etc. He has the unique distinction of pioneering the largest number of procedures in the field of Interventional Cardiology for the first time in the country such as Slow Rotational Angioplasty, Atherectomy, Rotablator, Stenting, Heart hole closure, etc.

He has developed techniques of Aortofemoral bypass support (partial artificial heart), Opening of tight heart valves with echo without cath lab. He has performed the first case of Non-surgical heart hole closure (ASD) with monodisc device and the first case of Non-surgical aortic valve replacement with core valve, both being the first time in the world. He is the first investigator of Inoue Balloon Mitral Valvuloplasty in the Country and his name has been listed in the ‘Limca Book of World Records’.

A crusader against unethical commercialization of medical services, he has committed himself to provide to the middle class, poor and the needy the latest cardio-vascular procedures at the most affordable cost. In pursuance of his mission, he has established thirteen state-of-the-art Hospitals and three satellite units. Such is Dr. Lal’s commitment to his mission that an ever-increasing number of poor patients have been treated either free of cost or at concessional rates and ‘No patient is ever turned back for want of money’. He has been named as ‘Creator of Affordable Healthcare’ by ‘Express Healthcare’, a leading health magazine and has been a trendsetter for NRIs to return to India to serve the needy people.

Dr. Lal has been decorated with several prestigious awards:–

2nd Jawaharlal Nehru International Excellence Award (1990), Rajiv Gandhi Award (1991), Dr.V.V.Shah Oration Gold Medal by Cardiological Society of India (1992) for his pioneering contributions in Interventional Cardiology.

Distinguished Achievement Award of Highest Order by the National Forum of Indian Medical Association (2006-07) for performing the largest number of angioplasties/stenting as a single operator in the country.

‘Life Time Achievement Award’ by Shri Arun Jaitley on behalf of Delhi Medical Association and ‘Life Time Achievement Award’ by Dr. Lilly Engineer, Professor of Harvard University on behalf of ‘Times of India’.

Padma Bhushan (2003), prestigious Dr. B.C.Roy National Award (2004) and Padma Vibhushan (2009) by the President of India.

He has contributed over one hundred research papers, articles, chapters and authored a book “Cause and Prevention of Heart Diseases”. He has been a Member at Central Council of Health and Family Welfare, Expert Committee for medical devices, Ministry of Health, Govt. of India, Delhi Medical Council, Standing Committee ESI Corporation – Ministry of Labour & Employment, Govt. of India and Member Board of Governors, Medical Council of India from May 2011 to May 2013.

 



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Anaesthesiology

Best Anaesthesiology

We’ve got the best Anaesthetics and Critical Care experts coupled with latest anesthesia machines ensuring adequate gas mixture delivery to the patient, Anesthetic gas monitors who ensure extreme economy and negligible theatre pollution. The department has long experience of giving successful anaesthesia in various thoracic, vascular and congenital heart disease cases.

Bariatric & Metabolic Surgery

Best Bariatric & Metabolic Surgery

Metro Centre for Bariatric & Metabolic (diabetic) Surgeries is an advanced set-up having complete diagnostic and surgical facilities. We provide a relaxing and satisfying experience to every patient and help them achieve their weight-loss goals.

Blood Bank

Best Blood Bank

Our Blood Bank is committed to provide high quality services by assuring the supply of safe and quality blood and its products to the patients. The blood bank adopts most modern technology and equipment. We’ve fully automatic ELISA processor, blood grouping and cross matching and blood component equipments. All the records and standard operative procedures (SOPs) are maintained and followed as per National and International standards.

Cardiology & CTVS

Best Cardiology & CTVS

Department of Cardiology is headed by Padma Vibhushan & Dr. B C Roy National Awardee Dr. Purshotam Lal, a pioneer in Interventional Cardiology consisting of a team of highly qualified and skilled interventional Cardiologists. Under his leadership, the centre has grown into the most specialized centre for angiography and angioplasty.

Dentistry

Best Dentistry

Metro Dental And Implant Centre has delivered millions of smiles over the years. The centre offers state-of-the-art dental services both through general out-patient and private OPD.

Dermatology

Best Dermatology

The centre provides a holistic, scientific and a technologically advanced approach for all dermatological and cosmetic conditions. Consultations with our experienced dermatologists ensure that the patients get the best advice, be it for skin diseases or cosmetic interventions. Our specialized services include- Pimples / Acne – Pigmentation Treatment, Cosmetic Peels, Non-surgical removal of warts, Laser treatment, as more.

Endocrinology And Diabetes

Best Endocrinology And Diabetes

Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes is a full-fledged facility involved in evaluating and treating patients for diabetes, Obesity, Sexual disorders, Hirsutism, PCOD, Osteoporosis, Adrenal disorders, other endocrine disorders. We offer a wide range of treatment options for endocrine and metabolic diseases. Our specialists are the most experienced one having a long track record of successful treatment of the patients.

ENT & Cochlear Implant

Best ENT & Cochlear Implant

We provide the complete diagnostic and treatment of disease and conditions associated with the ear, nose and throat. We are well experienced in treating everything from a basic disease to doing a complicated surgery involving Otolaryngologists, Audiologists, Speech-language pathologists and other medical professionals. Services include Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, Micro-Surgery of Ear, Cochlear Implant, Rhinoplasty, Head & Neck Surgeries, and more.

Gastroenterology & Gastro Surgery

Best Gastroenterology & Gastro Surgery

Metro Centre for Liver & Digestive Diseases (Gastroenterology & GI Surgery) has combined medical and surgical department. The team of doctors has received super speciality training in their respective field which ensures high quality of care. The combined setup of Gastroenterology and GI Surgery allows quick assessment and treatment of the patient. Our surgical services include the performance of specialized and complex GI surgical procedures for the management of diseases of various parts of the GI tract.

Haemotology

Best Haemotology

Clinical Haematology unit headed by very senior clinical haematologist . To support this, Metro Path Labs are well equipped and advanced labs to handle relevant investigations related to blood, lymphnode and spleen disorders like Leukemia, Thalassemia, multiple myeloma, etc. Routine procedures done here are Bone Marrow Aspiration, Bone Marrow Biopsy, Peripheral Smear Study, Reticulocyte count.

Holistic Medicine

Best Holistic Medicine

The department aims at healing the person completely - body, mind, spirit, and emotions aimed at optimal health and wellness. This is achieved with the help of specialists and by gaining proper balance in life. Our specialists use all forms of healthcare ranging from conventional medication to alternative therapies, to treat a patient. Our doctors use the combinations of drugs and lifestyle modifications to address any condition.

Homeopathy

Best Homeopathy

We bring you the convenience of getting quality homeopathic treatment for all your chronic and long standing illnesses. We are committed to provide you the best of the information and constitutional homeopathic treatment. Diseases Treated by Homoeopathy are Infectious Diseases, Viral Diseases, Diseases of Infancy and Childhood & Allergic Disorder.

Internal Medicine

Best Internal Medicine

The Department of Internal Medicine is a full-fledged facility offering comprehensive care for general and preventive medicine for all ages. The Department has the support and back-up of all super-specialities in the hospital providing end to end services varying from diagnosis, prevention, treatment, wellness, preventive health checks, rehabilitation services and management of various medical conditions.

Interventional Radiology

Best Interventional Radiology

A sub-speciality of Radiology is a subspecialty of radiology, providing minimally invasive treatments performed under guidance of x-ray fluoroscopy, ultrasound or computed tomography (CT Scan). In simple terms interventional radiologists “Not Just Diagnose But Treat too” with minimal invasive techniques. The advanced technology in Radiology provides a strong platform for efficient Interventional Radiological Procedures.

IVF

Best IVF

Metro Centre for IVF is at the forefront of delivering quality services in the field of Assisted Reproductive Techniques like IVF-IUI, ICSI, Surrogacy, etc.

Laboratory

Best Laboratory

A highly skilled team of medical professionals including physicians, medical technologists, medical technicians, lab assistants, biologists, chemist, microbiologists, geneticists, and other specialists work collaboratively to provide advanced diagnosis and laboratory services. Fully automated Robotic Arm, State-of-the-art BacT / Alert 3D Microbial Detection System etc. are among our top of the line technologies available.

Laparoscopic & General Surgery

Best Laparoscopic & General Surgery

Metro Hospitals and Heart Institute is well equipped with latest technological advancements in general and laparoscopic surgery and the centre is boasted to an advanced centre for general and laparoscopic surgeries.

Liver Transplant

Best Liver Transplant

Metro Hospital offers state-of-the-art technology to provide individualized, ongoing care for patients with Liver failure problems.

Nephrology & Renal Transplant

Best Nephrology & Renal Transplant

Our department of nephrology and renal transplant is a well equipped unit with a dedicated team of skilled consultants and paramedical staff which offers patient the advantages of a multidisciplinary approach. Our center deals in treating children and adolescents with congenital and acquired kidney diseases. We accept patients at any stage of kidney disease. The services include Medical Management of Kidney Diseases, Dialysis and Renal Transplant.

Neurosciences

Best Neurosciences

The Department of Neurosciences has extremely talented and very well trained doctors who collaboratively work towards creating new paradigms for knowing the human brain condition and caring for it. Facilities include NCV, EMG, EEG, Video EEG, Botox Therapy for migraine and movement disorders (dystonia), Dedicated Stroke ICU, Neuro Rehabilitation Advanced facilities for Surgical Neurology.

Nutrition & Health

Best Nutrition & Health

A balanced diet provides complete balanced nutrition which is essential for a healthy life, enhancing the immunity of the person. The department consisting of expert dieticians provides Diet counseling according to the diagnosis of the patients, Diet counseling for different types of diseases like Diabetes, Liver diseases, Renal diseases, Diet related to pregnancy and lactation, Cardiac diseases, Weight management and many more.

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Best Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Metro Centre For Obstetrics And Gynaecology is determined to unite their exceptional medical competence, advanced technology and novelty to offer the best treatments to the patients. Our broad spectrum of services include painless deliveries, management of high risk pregnancies/late pregnancies, gynae laparoscopic procedures, gynae onco services, pre and post natal care, amongst others.

Oncology & Onco Surgery

Best Oncology & Onco Surgery

We strive to create the best in class infrastructure, comprehensive facilities and render care and support by handholding every cancer patient in their journey. The management plan for each cancer is chalked out once the cancer is identified and staged. Treatment plan may include surgery, radiation and/or cancer medicine therapy. The team of Oncology Comprises of expert Medical Oncologists, Surgeons and Radiation Oncologists.

Ophthalmology, Metro Eye Centre

Best Ophthalmology, Metro Eye Centre

The team of highly experienced Ophthalmologists in a modern set-up perform various services like Phacoemulsification (Sutureless Cataract Surgery), YAG laser (for after cataract and glaucoma), Green laser (for diabetic and retinal eye diseases), Automated Perimetry, (For Glaucoma and Neurological visual Field), Applanation Tonometry for Glaucoma, Glaucoma surgery, Squint Surgery, etc. The results of all procedures match the international standards.

Orthopaedics, Joint Replacement & Spine Surgery

Best Orthopaedics, Joint Replacement & Spine Surgery

Metro Centre for Orthopaedics and Joint Replacements offers a wide range of treatment and comprehensive care for all kinds of musculo-skeletal conditions such as joint pain, spine pain, trauma, sports and other injuries. The Centre is well recognized for joint replacement surgeries of hip, knee and shoulder. The department is led by highly trained Orthopaedicians along with wide array of advanced technology. The Centre is specialized in providing services such as minimally invasive surgery, joint replacements, Orthopaedic Rehabilitation.

Paediatrics & Neonatology

Best Paediatrics & Neonatology

Metro Centre for Paediatrics & Neonatology is a top-notch centre for childcare which provides comprehensive paediatric, surgical, and immunization services to children up. We follow a holistic approach to treatment with our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Paediatric Intensive Care Unit, Paediatric and Neonatal Emergency, etc.

Physiotherapy

Best Physiotherapy

The services in Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation include Consultation, Diagnostic: examination, S D curve, muscle testing, ADL testing, Manual therapy: active/assisted/passive/resisted/graded resisted exercise etc., physiotherapeutic interventional procedures, (home care) etc., Obstetric, gynecological clinic: antenatal and post natal care, and other management, Geriatric clinic: help in ADL activity, pain free activity, Fitness clinic, Posture correction clinic, Ergonomics clinic, etc.

Plastic, Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery

Best Plastic, Cosmetic & Reconstructive Surgery

The department has highly experienced specialists in cosmetic and plastic surgery, state-of -the-art infrastructure ensuring world class medical attention and care. It is an acknowledgement center of excellence providing advanced and intricate treatment. The center also offers the world superior quality cosmetic treatment at costs that are highly affordable, with results comparable to those at the best centers across the globe.

Psychiatry

Best Psychiatry

With the mission of spreading mental health awareness, we provide a variety of services ranging from awareness programmes to rehabilitations. The services provided are Pharmacotherapy, Electroconvulsive Therapy, Narcoanalysis, Biofeedback, Detoxification and Rehabilitation Programmes, Deaddiction Counseling, Stress Management, Couples/ Marital Counseling and many more.

Psychology

Best Psychology

We have a long experience in addressing the mental health conditions. Our experienced psychologists analyze the reasons behavioral disorder, emotional problem or psychiatric disease, and suggest and implement a valid solution to the problems customized to individual needs. The privacy of the patient is taken seriously during the total course of treatment.

Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine

Best Pulmonology & Sleep Medicine

World-renowned specialists and comprehensive advanced setup helps treat disorders related to the lungs, breathing and sleep with high success rate. The services include treatment of Asthma, COPD, Chronic Respiratory Failure, Sleep Disorders, Interstitial Lung Diseses, Tumours and Cancers of the Lung and Chest, Allergic Disorders, Laparoscopic Assisted Thoracic Surgeries.

Radiology

Best Radiology

A highly skilled team of experience Radiologists and Technicians comprises our Radiology Team. The highly advanced technology combined with high expertise ensures 100% accurate results which helps build right diagnosis. The facilities include: CT Scan (500 Slice), Advanced MRI (1.5 Tesla), 4D Ultrasound, Digital X-Ray, Bone Densitometry, Colour Doppler.

Rheumatology

Best Rheumatology

Immensely qualified team of experts is always available to accord the diseases of musculoskeletal system. The service include the treatment of various auto immune diseases like Rheumatoid Arthritis, SLE, Ankylosing spondylosis, gout and other immunological diseases, New Biological Treatments. We do have 24*7 physiotherapy department which deal with musculoskeletal problems with special emphasis on the correction of joint deformity.

Stem Cell Therapy

Best Stem Cell Therapy

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Urology

Best Urology

The Centre for Uro-Sciences boasts of experienced and renowned Urologists having thorough exposure to all urological disorders including complicated conditions. It is has good track record for high success rates. The treatment includes Laser prostatic surgery, Urologic Cancer Surgeries, Laparoscopic Urological Surgeries, Percutaneous Renal Surgery, Urethral Reconstructive Surgery, etc. and the facilities include ESWL (Extra corporeal shock wave Lithotripsy), Uroflowmetry, Uro Radio diagnosis, etc.

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